Volume 9, Issue 3 (2021)                   ECOPERSIA 2021, 9(3): 153-157 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Afshari F, Akhzari D, Kargar M. Soil Heavy Metals Pollution and Phytoremediation Potential of Hordeum bulbosum L. Around Bituminous Mine, Ilam Province, Iran. ECOPERSIA. 2021; 9 (3) :153-157
URL: http://ecopersia.modares.ac.ir/article-24-48207-en.html
1- Department of Nature Engineering, Faculty of Natural Resources and Environmental Science, Malayer University, Malayer, Iran
2- Department of Nature Engineering, Faculty of Natural Resources and Environmental Science, Malayer University, Malayer, Iran , d_akhzari@yahoo.com
3- Natural resources administration of Alborz province, Karaj, Iran
Abstract:   (446 Views)
Aims: The fast-growing rangeland plant species, which could be grown in many different climatic conditions, are the best plants for remediation agents of heavy metals from contaminated soils.
Materials & Methods: The soil and plant sampling was performed based on the systematic randomized design in four different geographical directions around the Humalan Bitumin mine. The concentration of the elements was measured using the inductive plasma spectroscopy (ICP-OES) spectroscopic analytical method. The quantities values of contaminants were analyzed statistically by SPSS 22 software. Also, the dominant plant species, H. bulbosum, was selected to evaluate heavy metal uptake in plant species.
Findings: The highest Mn level in shoots parts of H. bulbosum (155.34mg/kg) was seen in 100 m distance of the mine. According to biogeochemical indices, the highest amount of heavy metals was observed in the plants grown at a 100-meter distance from the mine. The highest accumulation factor was observed in the cadmium (as 1.15mg/kg), and the maximum enrichment factor was seen in the Mn element as 0.82mg/kg in 100m distance of the mine.
Conclusion: H. bulbosum represents an important interest in their potential use to remediate toxic metals of soils. H. bulbosum enables an important substance for explore the tolerance strategies of heavy metals accumulation in plant cells and has high application value in remediation of heavy metal-contaminated sites. Our results also indicate that TF values of H. bulbosum were more than 1 for the Cd metal. So, these species potentially could be used for phytoremediation and phytostabilization application in Cd-contaminated areas.
Full-Text [PDF 483 kb]   (187 Downloads)    
Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Ecological Science
Received: 2020/12/8 | Accepted: 2021/01/1 | Published: 2021/05/10
* Corresponding Author Address: Malayer University, Malayer, Iran, Postal Code: 6571995863

References
1. Huang SH, Yuan C, Li Q, Yang Y, Tang C, Ouyang K, et al. Distibution and risk asseement of heavy metals in soils from a typical Pb-Zn Mining Area. Pol J Environ Stud. 2017;26(3):1105-12. [Link] [DOI:10.15244/pjoes/68424]
2. Petelka J, Abraham J, Bockreis A, Precious J, Deikumah P, Zerbe S. Soil heavy metals pollution and phytoremediation potential of native plants on a former Gold mine in Ghana. Water Air Soil Pollut. 2019;230-67. [Link] [DOI:10.1007/s11270-019-4317-4]
3. Demoka L, Jezny T, Bobulski L. Assessment of soil heavy pollution in a former mining area-before and after the end of mining activities. Soil Water Resour. 2017;12:229-36. [Link] [DOI:10.17221/107/2016-SWR]
4. Ali H, Khan E, Sajad MA. Phytoremediation of heavy metals-concepts and applications. Chemosphere. 2013;91(7):869-81. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2013.01.075]
5. Osman MEH, El-Feky SS, Elshahawy MI, Shaker EM. Efficiency of flax (Linum usitatissimum L.) as a phytoremediator plant for the contaminated soils with heavy metals. Int J Agric Environ Res. 2017;3:3577-3600. [Link]
6. Bettaieb T, Arbaoui S. Heavy metal accumulation in micropropagated plants of kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus L.). Int J Adv Sci Eng Technol. 2018;6:32-33. [Link]
7. Kumar PBAN, DushenkovV, Motto H, Raskin I. Phytoextraction: the use of plants to remove heavy metals from soils. Environ Sci Technol. 2013;29:1232-8. [Link] [DOI:10.1021/es00005a014]
8. Olguín EJ, Sánchez-Galván G. Heavy metal removal in Phytofi ltration and phycoremediation: the need to differentiate between bioadsorption and bioaccumulation. New Biotechnol. 2012;30(1):3-8. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.nbt.2012.05.020]
9. Arbaoui S, Campanella B, Rezgui S, Paul R, Bettaieb T. Bioaccumulation and photosynthetic activity response of kenaf (Hibicus cannabinus L.) to cadmium and zinc. Greener J Agri Sci. 2014;4(3):91-100. [Link] [DOI:10.15580/GJAS.2014.3.1216131031]
10. Shehata MSH, Badawy KR, Aboulsoud IEY. Phytoremediation of some heavy metals in contaminated soil. Bull Nation Res Centre. 2019;43:189. [Link] [DOI:10.1186/s42269-019-0214-7]
11. Adams A, Raman A, Hodgkins D. How do the plants used in phytoremediation in constructed wetlands, a sustainable remediation strategy, perform in heavy-metal contaminated mine sites. Water Environ J. 2013;27(3):373-86. [Link] [DOI:10.1111/j.1747-6593.2012.00357.x]
12. Heshmati M, Gheitury M, Parvizi Y, Hosseini M. Effect of converting forest to rainfed lands on spatial variability of soil chemical properties in the Zagros Forest, Western Iran. ECOPERSIA. 2015;3(4):1161-74. [Link]
13. Hojjati SM, Tavakoli M, Kooch Y, Tafazoli M. Soil contamination pattern affected by coal mining activities in a deciduous temperate forest. ECOPERSIA. 2021;9(1):23-31. [Link]
14. Zhang Y, Wu D, Wang C, Wu G. Impact of coal power generation on the characteristics and risk of heavy metal pollution in nearby soil. Ecosyst Health Sustainabil. 2020;6(1):1-12. [Link] [DOI:10.1080/20964129.2020.1787092]
15. Sahihi Oskouie T, Jafari M, Javadi SA, Tahmoures M. Investigation of phytoremediation ability of rangeland species in soils contaminated with copper and manganese. Iran Soil Water Res. 2020;51(6):1593-604. [Link]
16. Jahantab E, Jafari M, Motesharezadeh B, Tavili A, Zargham N. Remediation of Petroleum-Contaminated Soils using Stipagrostis plumosa, Calotropis procera L., and Medicago sativa under Different Organic Amendment Treatments. ECOPERSIA. 2018;6(2):101-9. [Link]
17. Wang SL, Liao WB, Yu FQ, Liao B, Shu WS. Hyperaccumulation of lead, zinc, and cadmium in plants growing on a lead/ zinc outcrop in Yunnan Province, China. Environ Geol. 2019;58:471. [Link] [DOI:10.1007/s00254-008-1519-2]
18. Aman MS, Jafari M, Karimour Reihan M, Motesharezade B. Assessing some shrub species for phytoremediation of soils contaminated with lead and zinc. Environ Earth Sci. 2018;77:82. [Link] [DOI:10.1007/s12665-018-7256-2]
19. Tavili A, Jahantab E, Jafari M, Motesharezade B, Zarghan N, Saffari Amman M. Assessment of TPH and nickel contents associated with tolerant native plants in petroleum-polluted area of Gachsaran, Iran. Arab J Geosci. 2019;12:325. [Link] [DOI:10.1007/s12517-019-4478-x]
20. Prasad M, Freitas H. Metal hyperaccumulation in plants- Boidiversity prospecting for phytoremediation technology. Electron J Biotechnol. 2003; 6:285-321. [Link] [DOI:10.2225/vol6-issue3-fulltext-6]
21. Bempah CK, Ewusi A, Obiri-Yeboah S, Asabere SB, Mensah F, Boateng J, Voigt HJ. Distribution of arsenic and heavy metals from mine tailings dams at Obuasi municipality of Ghana. Am J Eng Res. 2013;2:61-70. [Link]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author