Volume 8, Issue 3 (2020)                   ECOPERSIA 2020, 8(3): 163-168 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Jafari B, Shakeri Moghaddam H, Vaeznia P, Hosseinzadeh M, Kayvanfar N. New Record and Description of Dermacentor marginatus (Acari: Ixodidae) from Ovis orientalis arkal (Mammalia: Bovidae) in Northeastern Iran. ECOPERSIA. 2020; 8 (3) :163-168
URL: http://ecopersia.modares.ac.ir/article-24-21641-en.html
1- Biology Department, Science Faculty, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
2- Ferdowsi Technologies Incubator Center, Mashhad, Iran
3- Biology Department, Science Faculty, University of Birjand, Birjand, Iran
4- Institute of Applied Zoology, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran , kayvanfar@um.ac.ir
Abstract:   (238 Views)
Mouflon (Ovis orientalis, Linnaeus, 1758) is a mammal with four subspecies in Iran. Ovis orientalis arkal is one of the subspecies that is distributed in east and northeast of Iran. This subspecies, like other Iranian mammalschr('39') species, is vulnerable in International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). If necessary, actions are not considered for the protection of this species, it faces extinction in Iran. The study and identification of mammalschr('39') ticks are vital since ticks are one of the most important factors that can transmit many dangerous diseases to animals. They transmit viral, unicellular and rickettsia factors which may cause encephalitis, tularaemia, paralysis, and poisoning in animals and human as well. In the present study, hard ticks of Ovis orientalis arkal in Tandooreh and Hezar Masjed Mountains were surveyed during the period 2014-2015.
In the present study, 175 ticks have been separated from eight heads of Ovis orientalis arkalschr('39') carcasses. After maintaining ticks in vials consisting glycerine 5% and alcohol 75%, they were transferred to the laboratory and identification was done. Based on the results, hard ticks were recorded. They include Dermacentor, Rhipicephalus, Hyalomma, Haemaphysalis, and Dermacentor marginatus (Sulzer, 1776) which have been reported for the first time in this study.
Full-Text [PDF 1054 kb]   (39 Downloads)    
Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Nature and Landscape Conservation
Received: 2018/07/3 | Accepted: 2020/01/18 | Published: 2020/09/20
* Corresponding Author Address: Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Azadi Square, Mashhad, Iran. Postal code: 9177948974

1. Ramezani Z, Chavshin AR, Telmadarraiy Z, Edalat H, Dabiri F, Vatandoost H, et al. Ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) of livestock and their seasonal activities, northwest of Iran. Asian Pac J Trop Dis. 2014;4(Suppl 2):S754-7. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/S2222-1808(14)60721-0]
2. Jongejan F, Uilenberg G. Ticks and control methods. Revue Scient et Technique. 1994;13(4):1201-26. [Link] [DOI:10.20506/rst.13.4.818]
3. Garcia L. Diagnostic medical parasitology. 5th Edition. Washington, D.C.: ASM Press; 2007. [Link] [DOI:10.1128/9781555816018]
4. Yunker CE, Keirans JE, Clifford CM, Easton ER. Dermacentor ticks (Acari: Ixodoidae: Ixodidae) of the new world: A scanning electron microscope atlas. Proc Entomol Soc Wash. 1986;88(4):609-27. [Link]
5. Mathison BA, Pritt BS. Laboratory identification of arthropod ectoparasites. Clin Microbiol Rev. 2014;27(1):48-67. [Link] [DOI:10.1128/CMR.00008-13]
6. Rahbari S, Nabian S, Shayan P. Primary report on distribution of tick fauna in Iran. Parasitol Res. 2007;101(2):175-7. [Link] [DOI:10.1007/s00436-007-0692-7]
7. Guglielmone AA, Robbins RG, Apanaskevich DA, Petney TN, Estrada-Pena A, Horak IG, et al. The Argasidae, Ixodidae and Nuttalliellidae (Acari: Ixodida) of the world: a list of valid species names. Zootaxa. 2010;2528:1-28. [Link] [DOI:10.11646/zootaxa.2528.1.1]
8. Nabian S, Rahbari S, Shayan P, Haddadzadeh H. Current status of tick fauna in north of Iran. Iran J Parasitol. 2007;2(1):12-7. [Link]
9. Masala G, Chisu V, Satta G, Socolovschi C, Raoult D, Parola P. Rickettsia slovaca from Dermacentor marginatus ticks in Sardinia, Italy. Ticks Tick Borne Dis. 2012;3(5-6):393-5. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.ttbdis.2012.10.007]
10. Nosek J, Kozuch O. Replication of tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) virus in ticks Dermacentor marginatus. Angew Parasitol. 1985;26(2):97-101. [Link]
11. Kocianová E, Kovacova EI, Literák I. Comparison of virulence of Coxiella burnetii isolates from bovine milk and from ticks. Folia Parasitologica. 2001;48(3):235-9. [Link] [DOI:10.14411/fp.2001.039]
12. Pietrobelli M, Cancrini G, Moretti A, Tampieri MP. Animal babesiosis: An emerging zoonosis also in Italy?. Parassitologia. 2007;49(suppl 1):33-8. [Link]
13. Pomerantzev BI. Fauna of the USSR.: Arachnida. Vol. 4, no. 2. Ixodid ticks (Ixodidae), Issue 41. Washington, D.C.: American Institute of Biological Sciences; 1959. [Link]
14. Liebisch A, Rahman MS. Zum vorkommen und zur vektoriellen bedeutung der zecken dermacentor marginatus (Sulzer, 1776) und Dermacentor reticulatus (Fabricius, 1794) in Deutschland [Prevalence of the ticks Dermacentor marginatus (Sulzer, 1776) and Dermacentor reticulatus (Fabricius, 1794) and their importance as vectors of diseases in Germany]. Tropenmed Parasitol. 1976;27(4):393-404. [Link]
15. Iori A, Gabrielli S, Calderini P, Moretti A, Pietrobelli M, Tampieri MP, et al. Tick reservoirs for piroplasms in central and northern Italy. Vet Parasitol. 2010;170(3-4):291-6. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.vetpar.2010.02.027]
16. Aydın MF, Aktaș M, Dumanlı N. Tick infestations on sheep and goats in the Black Sea region of Türkiye. Kafkas Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi. 2012;18(suppl A):A17-22. [Link]
17. Walter M, Brugger K, Rubel F. The ecological niche of Dermacentor marginatus in Germany. Parasitol Res. 2016;115(6):2165-74. [Link] [DOI:10.1007/s00436-016-4958-9]
18. Estrada-Peña A, Jongejan F. Ticks feeding on humans: A review of records on human-biting Ixodoidea with special reference to pathogen transmission. Exp Appl Acarol. 1999;23(9):685-715. [Link] [DOI:10.1023/A:1006241108739]
19. Martello E, Mannelli A, Ragagli Ch, Ambrogi C, Selmi M, Ceballos LA, et al. Range expansion of Ixodes ricinus to higher altitude, and co-infestation of small rodents with Dermacentor marginatus in the Northern Apennines, Italy. Tick Tick Borne Dis. 2014;5(6):970-4. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.ttbdis.2014.07.021]
20. Shackleton DM. Wild sheep and goats and their relatives. Gland: IUCN; 1997. [Link]
21. Sapozhnikov GN. Wild sheep of Tajikistan. Dushanbe: Donish; 1976. [Link]
22. Valdez R, Nadler CF, Bunch TD. Evolution of wild sheep in Iran. Evolution. 1978;32(1):56-72. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1558-5646.1978.tb01098.x [Link] [DOI:10.2307/2407410]
23. Fox JL, Nurbu C, Chundawat RS. The mountain ungulates of Ladakh, India. Biol Conserv. 1991;58(2):167-90. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/0006-3207(91)90118-S]
24. Mallon D. The status of Ladakh urial Ovis orientalis vignei in Ladakh, India. Biol Conserv. 1983;27(4):373-81. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/0006-3207(83)90091-5]
25. Mallon DP. Status and conservation of large mammals in Ladakh. Biol Conserv. 1991;56(1):101-19. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/0006-3207(91)90092-N]
26. Schaller GB, Mirza ZB. The behaviour of ungulates and its relation to management. Morges: Unwin Brothers Limited; 1974. [Link]
27. Ioniţă M, Mitrea I, Minculescu F. Morphological study on Dermacentor marginatus (Acari: Ixodidae) by environmental scanning electron microscopy. Scientia Parasitologica. 2005;1-2:111-5. [Link]
28. Keirans JE, Robbins RG. A world checklist of genera, subgenera, and species of ticks (Acari: Ixodida) published from 1973-1997. J Vector Ecol J Soc Vector Ecol. 1999;24(2):115-29. [Link]
29. Nosek J, Sixl W. Central-European ticks (Ixodoidea). Graz: Mitt Abt Zool Landesmus Joanneum; 1972. [Link]
30. Deiss R, Hammer C, Müller DW, Deb A, Clauss M, Hammer S. Mortality patterns in nondomestic hoofstock (Ovis orientalis laristanica, Capra aegagrus, Capra ibex nubiana) indicate species-specific differences in disease susceptibility in small ruminants. The International Conference on Diseases of Zoo and Wild Animals, 2010 May 12-15, Madrid, Spain. Zürich: University of Zurich; 2010. [Link]
31. Eckert J, Friedhoff K, Zahner H, Deplazes P. Lehrbuch der Parasitologie für die Tiermedizin [Textbook of parasitology for animal medicine]. Stuttgart: Georg Thieme Verlag; 2008. [Link] [DOI:10.1055/b-001-3188]
32. Fowler M. Zoo and wild animal medicine. 8th Edition. Unknown Publisher city: Elsevier Health Sciences, Saunders; 2014. [Link]
33. Savinov YF, Bekenov LB. Asiatic mouflon and measures necessary for its protection: Rare mammal species of the USSR and their protection. Moscow: Nauka; 1977. [Russian] [Link]
34. Atamuradov HI, Fet GN, Fet V, Valdez R, Feldman WR. Biodiversity, genetic diversity, and protected areas in Turkmenistan. J Sustain For. 1999;9(1-2):73-88. [Link] [DOI:10.1300/J091v09n01_06]
35. Srinivasulu Ch, Srinivasulu B. South Asian mammals, their diversity, distribution and status. 1st Edition. New York: Springer-Verlag; 2012. [Link] [DOI:10.1007/978-1-4614-3449-8_1]
36. Kiabi BH, Ali Ghaemi R, Jahanshahi M, Sassani A. Population status, biology and ecology of the Maral, Cervus elaphus maral, in Golestan National Park, Iran. Zool Middle East. 2004;33(1):125-38. [Link] [DOI:10.1080/09397140.2004.10638071]
37. Telmadarraiy Z, Bahrami, A, Vatandoost H. A survey on fauna of ticks in west Azerbaijan Province, Iran. Iran J Public Health. 2004;33(4):65-9. [Link]
38. Ganjali M, Dabirzadeh M, Sargolzaie M. Species diversity and distribution of ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) in Zabol County, eastern Iran. J Arthropod Borne Dis. 2014;8(2):219-23. [Link]
39. Ghasemi Moghaddam A, Seyed MR, Rasouli M, Hosseinzade S, Darvishi MM, Rakhshanpour A, et al. Survey on cattle ticks in Nur, north of Iran. Asian Pac J Trop Biomed. 2014;4(3):209-12. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/S2221-1691(14)60233-1]
40. Nabian S, Rahbari S. Occurrence of soft and hard ticks on ruminants in Zagros mountainous areas of Iran. J Arthropod Borne Dis. 2008;2(1):16-20. [Link]
41. Razmi GR, Ramoon M. A study of tick fauna in Tandoureh National Park, Khorasan Razavi province, Iran. Acarina. 2012;20(1):62-5. [Link]
42. Rubel F, Brugger K, Pfeffer M, Chitimia-Dobler L, Didyk YM, Leverenz S, et al. Geographical distribution of Dermacentor marginatus and Dermacentor reticulatus in Europe. Ticks Tick Borne Dis. 2016;7(1):224-33. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.ttbdis.2015.10.015]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author