Volume 3, Issue 2 (2015)                   ECOPERSIA 2015, 3(2): 945-958 | Back to browse issues page

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Rastgar S, Barani H, Darijani A, Sheikh V, Ghorbani J, Ghorbani M. Economic Cost of Soil Nutrients Loss from Summer Rangelands of Nour-rud Watershed in North of IRAN. ECOPERSIA 2015; 3 (2) :945-958
URL: http://ecopersia.modares.ac.ir/article-24-8733-en.html
1- Assistance Professor, Faculty of Natural Resources, Sari University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Sari, Iran
2- Associate Professor, Faculty of Rangeland and Watershed Management, Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Gorgan, Iran
3- Assistance Professor, Faculty of Agricultural Economy, Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Gorgan, Iran
4- Scientific member, Sari University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources
5- Professor, Department of Agricultural Economy, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
Abstract:   (6633 Views)
Water erosion causes a series of on-site as well as off-site damages and problems on natural ecosystem. These damages include soil and nutrient loss and finally loss of productivity which causes costs to the society. So, this study attempts to quantify the economic value of soil productivity conservation as one of the important functions of rangelands vegetation and its economic cost by productivity losses. The soil loss amounts were obtained from integrated Geographic Information System (GIS) and map of erosion vulnerable areas using RUSLE model. Supplementary data such as soil nutrients (NPK) valuated from the measurement plots of a portable rainfall simulator (E65). Field plots were constructed to measure soil nutrients and soil loss from different soil types with different resistance to erosion. Rainfall simulation was carried out in three sites on the basis of geology map and different resistance to erosion. Nine experimental unit plots (1*1 m) were used to correlate nutrient loss to sediment losses. Assuming that nutrient loss by erosion could be replaced by fertilizers, economic cost of major nutrients estimated by market prices of fertilizers. Results showed that mean annual soil loss using RUSLE was 27.44 t ha-1 y-1 ranging from 0.0 to 996.06 t ha-1 y-1. Also, 114.17 kg ha-1 y-1 of N, P, K elements were lost in 2010 due to soil erosion in the degraded rangelands which costs (738944 Rial) 71.5 US$ ha-1y-1. Total economic cost of soil nutrient loss in 94978.6 ha of the rangelands of Nour-rud watershed basin, was estimated 70×10^9 Rial (6.8×106 US$). The maximum annual cost of soil nutrient loss was estimated in the "TRujs" geological formation (1.23×106 US$) consisting of "gray shale, silt, sandstone, conglomerate" and the least cost belonged to the "Jl1" geological formation (0.916*106 US$) which consists of "thin gray dolomite limestone". In economic terms there was a direct relationship between soil nutrient loss and its economic cost.
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Article Type: مقاله Ø§Ø³ØªØ®Ø±Ø§Ø Ø´Ø¯Ù‡ از پایان نامه | Subject: Rangeland Management
Received: 2014/10/25 | Accepted: 2015/07/4 | Published: 2015/10/1

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