Volume 10, Issue 3 (2022)                   ECOPERSIA 2022, 10(3): 245-256 | Back to browse issues page

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Sargazi A, Sabouhi sabouni M, Daneshvar Kakhki M, yaghoubi S. A survey on the economic and environmental crises caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, The case of Makoran coasts, Iran. ECOPERSIA 2022; 10 (3) :245-256
URL: http://ecopersia.modares.ac.ir/article-24-61975-en.html
1- PhD student, Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
2- Professor, Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran , sabouhi@um.ac.ir
3- Professor, Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
4- Associate Professor, Department of Logistics and Supply Chain Engineering, Faculty of Industrial Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (1014 Views)
Aim: Like many other countries, Iran has been exposed to the COVID-19 pandemic and its different economic and environmental implications. So, the research studies the economic and environmental consequences of COVID-19 in the Makoran coast of Sistan and Baluchistan province that supplies nearly 60% of the demand for fish in Iran.
Materials and Methods: The research is an applied study in terms of goal and a descriptive study in terms of data collection method, which was conducted by the cross-sectional survey method.
Findings: A comparison of the period of January-June 2020 (COVID-19 conditions) versus the similar period in the year 2019 (normal conditions) in the economic sector showed that the fishermen’s income, catch rate, and employment have decreased and their unemployment has increased. In the environmental sector, the pandemic and the related restrictions have increased seawater pollution and waste production.
Conclusion:  These changes, which have seemingly increased by the culmination of the COVID-19 pandemic, have had irreparable consequences for the fisheries sector.
Suggestions: Governmental support from the management of demand and supply markets and its plans to support fishermen are recommended as approaches to tackling the crisis. Given the emergence of new strains of COVID-19, such as alpha, beta, gamma, delta, and omicron, it is necessary to conduct long-term studies to determine the full range of the pandemic.

 
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Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Pollution (Soil, Water and Air)
Received: 2022/06/3 | Accepted: 2022/06/27 | Published: 2022/10/18

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