Volume 9, Issue 3 (2021)                   ECOPERSIA 2021, 9(3): 0-0 | Back to browse issues page

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Behmanesh B, Shahraki M R, sharafatmandrad M, mahdavi S K. Nomadic Pastoralist's Viewpoint on the Effects of Drought on Livestock and rangeland. ECOPERSIA. 2021; 9 (3)
URL: http://ecopersia.modares.ac.ir/article-24-42326-en.html
1- Assistant prof, Department of Rangeland and Watershed management, Faculty of Agricultural sciences and Natural Researches, Gonbad Kavous University , behmanesh@gonbad.ac.ir
2- Expert of the Department of Natural Resources and Watershed Management of Golestan Province and MSc. Student in Rural Development, Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Gorgan,
3- Assistant prof., Range Management Department, University of Jiroft,
4- Assistant prof., Natural Resources Department, Nour Branch ,Islamic Azad University, Nour,
Abstract:   (121 Views)
Most parts of the pastoralist’s livelihood depend on income from livestock in the rangelands, but drought in rangelands has negative impacts on ecosystem, cycle of nomadic pastoralists, livestock production and also their family's living. Recognizing the signs of drought effects in nomadic environment can play a significant role in rangeland management. The present study was conducted to identify and investigate drought signs in Gonbad-e Kavus County, Golestan Province, Iran.
The statistical population of the study consisted of 183 nomadic pastoralists in 10 customary systems, 100 of them were sampled and classified by random method. The data gathering tool was a researcher-made questionnaire. Drought signs were investigated in three dimensions: vegetation, soil, livestock and herd. In order to ensure the validity of the questionnaire, the views of the experts of the Natural Resources Bureau and also, Cronbach's alpha method was used for more reliability with an average of 0.717. The results showed that nomadic pastoralists assessed three factors forage quality degradation, increasing bare land and livestock production as the most important indicators of drought effects in pastureland. Findings indicate that there is a positive and significant relationship between the pastoralist's viewpoints about the signs of drought effect in the pasture with the variable of the people who depend on them. The results showed that there is a significant difference between respondents' views on gender and education level in the context of drought effects.
Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Rangeland Ecosystems
Received: 2020/04/23 | Accepted: 2020/11/9 | Published: 2021/04/29

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