Volume 9, Issue 1 (2021)                   ECOPERSIA 2021, 9(1): 61-67 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Ehsani S, Niknahad Gharmakher H, Motamedi J, Akbarlou M, Sheidai Karkaj E. Impact of Wheat Straw Biochar and Lignite on Plant Growth of Astragalus podolobus Boiss. & Hohen. ECOPERSIA 2021; 9 (1) :61-67
URL: http://ecopersia.modares.ac.ir/article-24-41508-en.html
1- Rangeland Management Department, Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Gorgan, Iran , mohadeseh_ehsani@yahoo.com
2- Rangeland Management Department, Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Gorgan, Iran
3- Rangeland Research Division, Research Institute of Forests and Rangelands, Agricultural Research Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Tehran, Iran
4- Rangeland and Watershed Management Department, Agriculture and Natural Resources Faculty, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran
Abstract:   (1996 Views)
Aims: Biochar is a soil amendment used to improve soil quality and plant productivity in an agricultural application, and there were fewer researches to use it in rangeland species. This study aimed to determine if lignite and wheat straw biochar (WSB) could be used to promote Astragalus podolobus growth, inclusive Plant height, crown diameter, canopy cover, the volume of cover, leaf area, and leaf perimeter. In this study, it is assumed that WSB and lignite’s use will increase the growth of A. podolobus species. A. podolobus, as a palatable shrub from the Leguminosae family, is a native species of Turkmen Sahra.
Materials & Methods: A greenhouse experiment was designed with (WSB) and lignite, at 1.25%, 2.5%, and 3.75%w/w of soil in six replications. The soil texture was clay loam. Statistical analyses were performed by two-way analysis of variance using the SPSS16 statistical software.
Findings:  In lignite application, the highest height, crown diameter, canopy cover, and volume of cover were observed for a 3.75% application rate after the 4th month and were 25.03cm, 23.52cm, 528.65cm2, and 15581cm3, respectively. While the highest values of these parameters for WSB were obtained for 2.5% of the application rate after the fourth month and were 22.62cm, 20.66cm, 401.66cm2, and 11318.3cm3, respectively.
Conclusion: Plant height, crown diameter, canopy cover, the volume of cover, leaf area, and leaf perimeter were promoted by increasing lignite dosage (3.75%) in the soil while nearly all parameters decreased at the same WSB incorporation dose.
Full-Text [PDF 709 kb]   (1069 Downloads)    
Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Ecological Science
Received: 2020/03/18 | Accepted: 2020/04/15 | Published: 2020/10/25
* Corresponding Author Address: Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Basij Square, Gorgan, Iran. Postal Code: 4918943464

1. Agh Kh, Esmaeili MM, Hossini Moghaddam H, Mostafalo H. The assessment on propagation methods and establishment of astragalus podolobus species in arid rangelands in north of Gonbad-e Qabus. Desert Ecosyst Eng J (DEEJ). 2017;6(16):1-10. [Persian] [Link]
2. Hemmat A, Aghilinategh N, Sadeghi M. Shear strength of repacked remoulded sample of a calcareous soil as affected by long-term incorporation of three organic manures in central Iran. Biosyst Eng. 2010;107(3):251-61. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.biosystemseng.2010.08.009]
3. Jeffery S, Verheijen FGA, Van Der Velde M, Bastos AC. A quantitative review of the effects of biochar application to soils on crop productivity using meta-analysis. Agric Ecosyst Environ. 2011;144(1):175-87. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.agee.2011.08.015]
4. Agbna G, Abubaker A, Amir B, FaridEltoum MH, Hassan MM. Influence of biochar amendment on soil water characteristics and crop growth enhancement under salinity stress. Int J Eng Works. 2017;4:2409-770. [Link]
5. Sohi SP, Krull E, Lopez-Capel E, Bol R. Chapter 2-A Review of Biochar and Its Use and Function in Soil. Adv Agron. 2010;105:47-82. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/S0065-2113(10)05002-9]
6. Marschner H. Mineral Nutrition of Higher Plants. 2nd edition. Cambridge: Academic Press;1995. [Link]
7. Jahantab E, Jafari M, Motesharzadeh B, Tavili A, Zargham N. Remediation of petroleum-contaminated soils using stipagrostis plumosa, calotropis procera L., and medicago sativa under different organic amendment treatments. Ecopersia. 2018;6(2):101-9. [Link]
8. Atkinson JCh, Fitzgerald JD, Hipps NA. Potential mechanisms for achieving agricultrual benefits from biochar pplication to temperate soils: a review. Plant Soil. 2010;337:1-18. [Link] [DOI:10.1007/s11104-010-0464-5]
9. Housley C, Kachenko A, Singh B. Effects of eucalyptus saligna biochar-amended media on the growth of acmena smithii, viola var. hybrida, and viola-wittrockiana. J Hortic Sci Biotechnol. 2015;90(2):187-94. [Link]
10. Nair A, Carpenter B. Biochar rate and transplant tray cell number have implications on pepper growth during transplant production. Hort Technol. 2016;26(6):713-9. [Link]
11. Cho MS, Meng L, Song JH, Han SH, Bae K, Park BB. The effects of biochars on the growth of Zelkova serrata seedlings in a containerized seedling production system. For Sci Technol. 2017;13(1):25-30. [Link]
12. Vaughn SF, Dinelli FD, Jackson MA, Vaughan MM, Peterson SC. Biochar-organic amendment mixtures added to simulated golf greens under reduced chemical fertilization increase creeping bentgrass growth. Ind Crop Prod. 2018;111: 667-72. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.indcrop.2017.11.036]
13. Huang L, Mengmeng Gu. Effects of Biochar on container substrate properties and growth of plants-a review. Horticultiurae. 2019;5(1):14. [Link] [DOI:10.3390/horticulturae5010014]
14. Niinemets U. Key plant structural and allocation traits depend on relative age in the perennial herb pimpinella saxifrage. Ann Bot. 2005;96(2):323-30. [Link] [DOI:10.1093/aob/mci180]
15. Bonham ChD. Measurements for terrestrial vegetation. New York: John Wiley & Sons;1989. p. 338. [Link]
16. Carter S, Shackley S, Sohi S, Suy Tan B, Haefele SM. The impact of biochar application on soil properties and plant growth of pot grown lettuce (Lactuca sativa) and cabbage (Brassica chinensis). Agronomy. 2013;3(2):404-18. [Link] [DOI:10.3390/agronomy3020404]
17. Azhar M, Zia Ur Rehman M, Ali Sh, Farooq Qayyum M, Naeem A, Ashar Ayub M, et al. Comparative effectiveness of different biochars and conventional organic materials on growth, photosynthesis and cadmium accumulation in cereals. Chemosphere. 2019;227:72-81. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.04.041]
18. Thavanesan S, Seran TH. Effect of rice straw and husk biochar on vegetative growth and yield attributes of oryza sativa L. Int J Crop Sci Technol. 2018;4(2):49-56. [Link]
19. El-Nasharty Abo-Ogiala AMM. Impact of Biochar on vegetative parameters, leaf mineral content, yield and fruit quality of grande naine banana in saline-sodic soil. Egypt J Hortic. 2018;45(2):315-22. [Link] [DOI:10.21608/ejoh.2018.4754.1074]
20. Qian Z, Ling-jian K, Yu-zi Sh, Xing-dong Y, Hui-jun Z, Fu-ti X, et al. Effect of Biochar on grain yield and leaf photosynthetic physiology of soybean cultivars with different phosphorus efficiencies. J Int Agric. 2019;18(10):2242-54. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/S2095-3119(19)62563-3]
21. Alburquerque JA, Calero JM, Barron V, Torrent J, Del Campillo MC, Gallardo A, et al. Effects of Biochar produced from different feedstocks on soil properties and sunflower growth. J Plant Nutr Soil Sci. 2014;177(1):16-25. [Link] [DOI:10.1002/jpln.201200652]
22. Santos Marchi EC, Marchi G, Alberto Silva C, Oliveira Dias B, Rezende Alvarenga MA. Lettuce growth characteristics as affected by fertilizers, liming, and a soil conditioner. J Hortic For. 2015;7(3):65-72. [Link] [DOI:10.5897/JHF2015.0386]
23. Means NE, Starbuck CJ, Kremer RJ, Jett LW. Effects of a food waste-based soil conditioner on soil properties and plant growth. Compost Sci Utilization. 2005;13(2):116-21. [Link] [DOI:10.1080/1065657X.2005.10702227]
24. Alburquerque JA, Salazar P, Barrón V, Torrent J, Del Campillo MC, Gallardo A, et al. Enhanced wheat yield by biochar addition under different mineral fertilization levels. Agron Sustain Dev. 2013;33:475-84. [Link] [DOI:10.1007/s13593-012-0128-3]
25. Khan S, Chao C, Waqas M, Arp HPH, Zhu YG. Sewage sludge biochar influence upon rice (Oryza sativa L) yield, metal bioaccumulation and greenhouse gas emissions from acidic paddy soil. Environ Sci Technol. 2013;47(15):8624-32. [Link] [DOI:10.1021/es400554x]
26. Poormansour S, Razzaghi F, Sepaskhah AR. Wheat straw biochar increases potassium concentration, root density, and yield of faba bean in a sandy loam soil. Commun soil Sci Plant Anal. 2019;50(15):1799-810. [Link] [DOI:10.1080/00103624.2019.1635145]
27. Muhammad N, Aziz R, Brookes PC, Xu J. Impact of wheat straw biochar on yield of rice and some properties of Psammaquent and Plinthudult. J Soil Sci Plant Nutr. 2017;17(3):808-23. [Link] [DOI:10.4067/S0718-95162017000300019]
28. Zhang L, Sun X, Tian Y, Gong X. Biochar and humic acid amendments improve the quality of composted green waste as a growth medium for the ornamental plant Calathea Insignis. Sci Hortic. 2014;176:70-8. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.scienta.2014.06.021]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.