Volume 9, Issue 1 (2021)                   ECOPERSIA 2021, 9(1): 43-51 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Abbasi Khalaki M, Ghorbani A, Esmali Ouri A, Shokouhian A, Ashraf Jafari A. Some Facilitators Effects on Alfalfa and Sainfoin Growth in Restoration of Dry-Farming Lands (Study Area: Balekhlichay Watershed, Ardabil, Iran). ECOPERSIA. 2021; 9 (1) :43-51
URL: http://ecopersia.modares.ac.ir/article-24-40910-en.html
1- Department of Range & Watershed Management, Faculty of Agriculture & Natural Resources, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran
2- Department of Range & Watershed Management, Faculty of Agriculture & Natural Resources, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran , a_ghorbani@uma.ac.ir
3- Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture & Natural Resources, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran
4- Research Institute of Forests and Rangelands, Agricultural Research Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (116 Views)
Aim: The effects of potassium silicate nanoparticles (PSN) and effective microorganisms (EM) were studied on the growth of alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) and sainfoin (Onobrychis sativa Lam.) and soil.
Materials & Methods: Split-split plot in a complete randomized block design with three replications was used for this experiment. Planting time in two seasons (autumn and spring) as the main plot, facilitators in five levels, including control, PSN (500 and 1000mg/lit), and EM (1 and 2%), as sub-plots and two legume species as sub-sub plot were studied in the field. In the four-leaf step of plants, PSN and EM were added in three steps as a solution.
Findings: The highest amount of plant viability (80, 82.22%), height (59, 68.33cm), basal diameter (13.33, 16.66cm), canopy cover (993.33, 1242.66cm2), leaf area index (67.79, 84.93cm2), relative water content (70.46, 88.32%), chlorophyll (0.87, 0.72mg.g-1), photosynthesis rate (27.29, 28.49µmolco2.cm-2s-1), number of inflorescence (57.33, 56N/m2) and 1000-grain weight (33.30, 3.89g.m-2) were in sainfoin (EM2%) and alfalfa (PSN1000mg/lit), respectively. Total biomass (423.87 and 374.50g.m-2) was maximum in PSN1000mg/lit for both species. EM and PSN caused desirable effects on the soil characters of species substrates (p<0.01). The maximum value of all studied soil characters belonged to PSN1000. Additionally, autumn sowing compared to spring planting enhanced the studied traits of planted species and their substrate soil.            
Conclusion: The usage of appropriate PSN and EM concentration in this study to restore dry-farming lands and improve species growth and forage yield can be suggested.
Full-Text [PDF 1462 kb]   (26 Downloads)    
Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Nature and Landscape Conservation
Received: 2020/02/23 | Accepted: 2020/03/19 | Published: 2020/10/24
* Corresponding Author Address: Department of Range & Watershed Management, Agriculture & Natural Resources Faculty, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran. Postal code: 5619911367

1. Ghorbani A. Land use mapping and ecological capability evaluation of dry farming lands (based on slope) for converting to pasture in Zilbar-Chay watershed using GIS. Geogr Space. 2015;14(48):103-22. [Persian] [Link]
2. Hashemi Rad M, Ebrahimi M, Shirmohammadi E. Land use change effects on plant and soil properties in a mountainous region of Iran. J Environ Sci Manage. 2018;21:47-56. [Link]
3. Née G, Xiang Y, Soppe WJJ. The release of dormancy, a wake-up call for seeds to germinate. Curr Opin Plant Biol. 2017;35:8-14. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.pbi.2016.09.002]
4. Adriano DC, Wenzel WW, Vangronsveld J, Bolan NS. Role of assisted natural remediation in environmental cleanup. Geoderma. 2004;122(2-4):121-42. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.geoderma.2004.01.003]
5. Farooqui A, Tabassum H, Ahmad A, Mabood A, Ahmad A, Zareeen Ahmad I. Role of nanoparticles in growth and development of plants: A review. Int J Pharma Bio Sci. 2016;7(4):22-37. [Link] [DOI:10.22376/ijpbs.2016.7.4.p22-37]
6. Abdul Qados AMS, Moftah AE. Influence of silicon and nano-silicon on germination, growth and yield of faba bean (Vicia faba L.) under salt stress conditions. J Exp Agric Int. 2015;5:509-24. [Link] [DOI:10.9734/AJEA/2015/14109]
7. Dehghanipoodeh S, Ghobadi C, Baninasab B, Gheysari M, Shirani Bidabadi S. Effects of potassium silicate and nanosilica on quantitative and qualitative characteristics of a commercial strawberry (Fragaria×ananassa cv. 'camarosa'). J Plant Nut. 2016;39(4):502-7. [Link] [DOI:10.1080/01904167.2015.1086789]
8. Abbasi Khalaki M, Ghorbani A, Moameri M. Effects of silica and silver nanoparticles on seed germination traits of Thymus kotschyanus in laboratory conditions. Rangel Sci. 2016;6(3):221-31. [Link]
9. Moameri M, Alijafari E, Abbasi Khalaki M, Ghorbani A. Effects of nanopriming and bioprimingon on growth characteristics of Onobrychis sativa Lam. under laboratory conditions. J Rangel. 2018;12:101-11. [Persian] [Link]
10. Frąszczak B, Kleiber T, Klama J. Impact of effective microorganisms on yields and nutrition of sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) and microbiological properties of the substrate. Afr J Agric Res. 2012;7:5756-65. [Link] [DOI:10.5897/AJAR12.145]
11. Górski R, Kleiber T. Effect of Effective Microorganisms (EM) on nutrient contents in substrate and development and yielding of Rose (Rosa x hybrida) and Gerbera (Gerbera jamesonii). Ecol Chem Engin S. 2010;17:505-13. [Link]
12. Lindani N, Bvenura C. Effects of the integrated use of effective microorganisms, compost and mineral fertilizer on greenhouse-grown tomato. Afr J Plant Sci. 2012;6(3):120-4. [Link] [DOI:10.5897/AJPS11.249]
13. Abbasi Khalaki M, Ghorbani A, Esmali Ouri A, Shokouhian AA, Jafari AA. Varying the vegetative and morphological traits of Thymus kotschyanus L. affected potassium silicate nanoparticles, superabsorbent hydrogel, effective microorganisms, and animal manure. Biosci J. 2019;35:115-25. [Link] [DOI:10.14393/BJ-v35n1a2019-41832]
14. Atienza SG, Rubiales D. Legumes in sustainable agriculture. Crop Pasture Sci. 2017;68:i-ii. [Link] [DOI:10.1071/CPv68n11_FO]
15. Atis I, Celiktasafiz N, Can E, Yilmaz S. The effects of cutting intervals and seeding rates on forage yield and quality of alfalfa. Turk J Field Crops. 2019;24(1):12-20. [Link] [DOI:10.17557/tjfc.562632]
16. Shokouhian AA, Davarynejad GH, Tehranifar A, Imani A, Rasoulzadeh A. Investigation of Effective Microorganisms (EM) impact in water stress condition on growth of almond (Prunus dulcis Mill) Seedling. J Basic Appl Sci Res. 2013;3(2S):86-92. [Link]
17. Moameri M, Jafari M, Tavili A, Motasharezadeh B, Zare Chahouki MA. Rangeland plants potential for phytoremediation of contaminated soils with lead, zinc, cadmium and nickel (Case study: Rangelands around national lead & zinc factory, Zanjan, Iran). J Rangel Sci. 2017;7(2):160-71. [Link]
18. Hatamnia AA, Valadbeigi T, Abbaspour N. The effect of severity and duration of sodium chloride stress on growth and some biochemical and photosynthesis parameters of tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.). J Plant Process Funct. 2017;6(19):139-52. [Persian] [Link]
19. Shabani A, Sepaskhah AR. Leaf area estimation by a simple and non-destructive method. Iran Agric Res. 2017;36(2):101-5. [Link]
20. Moameri M, Jafari M, Tavili A, Motasharezadeh B, Zare Chahouki MA, Madrid Diaz F. Investigating lead and zinc uptake and accumulation by Stipa hohenackeriana trin and rupr. in field and pot experiments. Biosci J. 2018;34. [Link] [DOI:10.14393/BJ-v34n1a2018-37238]
21. Gulluoglu L, Arioglu H, Bakal H, Onat B. Effect of high air and soil temperature on yield and some yield components of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.). Turk J Field Crops. 2018;23(1):62-71. [Link] [DOI:10.17557/tjfc.422651]
22. Koochaki A, Sarmadnia GH. Crop Physiology. Mashahd: Ferdowsi University of Mashhad Press; 2012. [Persian] [Link]
23. Baygi Z, Saifzadeh S, Shirani Rad AH, Valadabadi SA, Jafarnejad A. Investigating the effects of sowing date on growth indices and yield and yield components of spring wheat cultivars in Neyshabur. J Manag Syst. 2017;30(2):1-18. [Persian] [Link]
24. Maghsoudi K, Emam Y, Ashraf M, Arvin MJ. Alleviation of field water stress in wheat cultivars by using silicon and salicylic acid applied separately or in combination. Crop Pasture Sci. 2019;70(1):36-43. [Link] [DOI:10.1071/CP18213]
25. Roohizadeh G, Majd A, Arbabian S. The effect of sodium silicate and silica nano particles on seed germination and growth in the Vicia faba L. Tropical Plant Res. 2015;2(2):85-9. [Link]
26. Kara K. The effects of nitrogen doses applied at different growing periods on the quality and yield of oil type sunflower (Helianthus annuus l.) varieties. Turk J Field Crops. 2018;23(2):195-205. [Link] [DOI:10.17557/tjfc.489858]
27. Zmeeva ON, Daibova EB, Proskurina LD, Petrova LV, Kolomiets NE, Svetlichnyi VA, et al. Effects of silicon dioxide nanoparticles on biological and physiological characteristics of Medicago sativa L. nothosubsp. varia (Martyn) in natural agroclimatic conditions of the subtaiga zone in western Siberia. BioNanoSci. 2017;7:672-9. [Link] [DOI:10.1007/s12668-017-0395-1]
28. Ma JF, Yamaji N. Silicon uptake and accumulation in higher plants. Trends Plant Sci. 2006;11:392-7. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.tplants.2006.06.007]
29. Abbasi Khalaki M, Ghorbani A, Dadjou F. Influence of nano-priming on Festuca ovina seed germination and early seedling traits under drought stress, in laboratory condition. ECOPERSIA. 2019;7:133-9. [Link]
30. Moameri M, Alijafari E, Ghorbani A. Effect of some growth facilitators on the growth parameters Onobrychis sativa Lam. in greenhouse. J Plant Res Iranian J Biolog. 2020;32(4):886-95. [Persian] [Link]
31. Daly MJ, Stewart DPC. Influence of "Effective Microorganisms" (EM) on vegetable production and carbon mineralization-a preliminary investigation. J Sustain Agric. 1999;14(2-3):15-25. [Link] [DOI:10.1300/J064v14n02_04]
32. Wielgosz E, Dziamba S, Dziamba J. Effect of application of EM spraying on the populations and activity of soil microorganisms occurring in the root zone of spring barley. Pol J Soil Sci. 2010;43:65-72. [Link]
33. Zydlik P, Zydlik Z. Impact of biological effective microorganisms (EM) preparations on some physico-chemical properties of soil and the vegetative growth of apple-tree rootstocks. Nauka Przyr Technol. 2008;2(1):1-8. [Link]
34. Karunakaran G, Suriyaprabha R, Manivasakan P, Yuvakkumar R, Rajendran V, Prabu P, et al. effect of nanosilica and silicon sources on plant growth promoting rhizobacteria, soil nutrients and maize seed germination. IET Nanobiotechnol. 2013;7(3):70-7. [Link] [DOI:10.1049/iet-nbt.2012.0048]
35. Gao L, Yang H, Wang X, Huang Z, Ishii M, Igarashi Y, et al. Rice straw fermentation using lactic acid bacteria. Biores Technol. 2008;99(8):2742-8. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.biortech.2007.07.001]
36. Abbasi Khalaki M, Moameri M, Ghorbani A. Effect some of the growth treatments on several soil characteristics in Festuca ovina planting bed. The 2nd National Conference on Natural Resources and Sustainable Development in Zagros, Sharekord, Iran. Tehran: Civilica; 2019. [Persian] [Link]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author