Volume 8, Issue 4 (2020)                   ECOPERSIA 2020, 8(4): 191-198 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Faraji F, Alijanpour A, Sheidai Karkaj E, Motamedi J. The Consequences of Banqueting and Fire on Plant Functional Groups (Case Study: Atbatan Rangelands, Bostanabad County). ECOPERSIA. 2020; 8 (4) :191-198
URL: http://ecopersia.modares.ac.ir/article-24-38912-en.html
1- East Azerbaijan Bureau of Natural Resources and Watershed Management, Tabriz, Iran
2- Department of Forestry, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran , a.alijanpour@urmia.ac.ir
3- Department of Range and Watershed Management, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran
4- Rangeland Research Division, Research Institute of Forests and Rangelands, Agricultural Research Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (81 Views)
Aims: Awareness about the effects of banqueting and fire on the vegetation in rangeland ecosystems is necessary for appropriate management. Regarding the importance of sustainable rangelands management and the lack of studies about fire and banqueting, the aim of the current study is to investigate the effect of rangeland restoration practices (banqueting with seeding) and also fire on plant functional groups in semi-arid region of Atbatan Rangelands, Bostanabad.
Materials & Methods: For this purpose, after choosing the treatments and control sites, via random-systematic method in each site, thirty 1-m2 plots were established along three 30-meter transects (there were 30 plots for each area and 240 plots in total). The canopy cover of plant species was recorded within the plots and categorized based on plant functional groups.
Findings: The results of statistical data analysis showed that the percentage of total cover in the north and south aspects of banqueting with 69.17% and 62.03% was significantly higher than the control sites with 52.53% and 48.03%, respectively. Fire in west aspect has reduced the percentage of vegetation (53.6%) compared to the control site (72.93%) whereas it did not have a significant effect in east aspect.
Conclusion: Generally, it can be stated that banqueting in the north aspect has more and increasing effect on plant functional groups but fire has a more complicated behavior in different topographic conditions (aspect) in relation to the banqueting and in west control site in term of the most studied parameters it has significantly more values than the other sites.
Full-Text [PDF 436 kb]   (24 Downloads)    
Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Rangeland Ecosystems
Received: 2019/12/10 | Accepted: 2020/02/20 | Published: 2020/09/22
* Corresponding Author Address: West Azerbaijan province, Urmia, 11 km Road of Serow, Nazlu Pardis, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Urmia, Iran. Postal Code: 5756151818

1. Moghaddam MR. Range and range management. 3rd Edition. Tehran: University of Tehran; 2009. [Persian] [Link]
2. Azarnivand H, Zare Chahouki MA. Range improvement. Tehran: University of Tehran; 2010. [Persian] [Link]
3. Habibzadeh A, Godarzy M, Mehrvarz K, Javanshir A. The effect of pitting, ripping and contour furrow on the moisture storage and increase in plant cover. J Iran Nat Res. 2007;60(2):397-410. [Persian] [Link]
4. Branson FA, Miller IS. Contour furrowing, pitting, and ripping on rangelands of the western United States. Rangel Ecol Manag. 1966;19(4):182-90. [Link] [DOI:10.2307/3895644]
5. Rich TD. Effects of contour furrowing on soils, vegetation, and land breeding birds in north Dakota. USDA For Serv Gen Tech Rep. 2005;191:495-503. [Link]
6. Ariapour A, Mohamed Shariff AR. Rangeland fire risk zonation using remote sensing and geographical information system technologies in Boroujerd Rangelands, Lorestan Province, Iran. Ecopersia. 2014;2(4):805-18. [Link]
7. Tayefi H, Erfanzade R, Abedi M. Fire effect on total organic matter and soil stability (Case study: Golestan Park). 6th National Conference on Rangeland and Rangeland Management of Iran, 2015 September 10, Sari, Iran. Tehran: Forest and Rangeland Research Institute; 2015. [Persian] [Link]
8. Mesdaghi M. Rangeland management in Iran. 7th Edition. Mashhad: Imam Sajjad University Press; 2014. [Persian] [Link]
9. Rafiei F, Ejtehadi H, Jangjo M. Investigate plant diversity at different times after a fire in a semi-arid pasture. J Plant Res. 2014;27(5):854-64. [Persian] [Link]
10. Benavides‐Solorio J, MacDonald LH. Post‐fire runoff and erosion from simulated rainfall on small plots, Colorado Front Range. Hydrol Processes. 2001;15(15):2931-52. [Link] [DOI:10.1002/hyp.383]
11. Akhzari D, Pessarakli M, Mahmoodi F, Farokhzadeh B. Effects of grazing and fire on soil and vegetation properties in a semi-arid rangeland. Ecopersia. 2015;3(1):901-16. [Link]
12. Faraji F, Alijanpour A, Sheidai Karkaj E, Motamedi J. Effect of fire and rangeland banqueting on soil carbon sequestration in Atbatan summer rangelands, East Azerbaijan Province. Ecopersia. 2019;7(1):29-37. [Link]
13. Wang RZ. Responses of Leymus chinensis (Poaceae) to long‐term grazing disturbance in the Songnen grasslands of north‐eastern China. Grass Forage Sci. 2004;59(2):191-5. [Link] [DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2494.2004.00417.x]
14. Ortman J, Beran DD. Grassland management with prescribed Fire. Lincoln: Nebraska Extension; 2008. [Link]
15. Stavi I, Ungar ED, Lavee H, Sarah P. Grazing-induced spatial variability of soil bulk density and content of moisture, organic carbon and calcium carbonate in a semi-arid rangeland. Catena. 2008;75(3):288-96. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.catena.2008.07.007]
16. Jafari M, Ebrahimi M, Azarnivand H, Madahi A. Investigating the effect of different operations of rangeland regeneration on some soil and vegetation factors in Sirjan rangelands. J Rangel. 2009;3(3):371-84. [Persian] [Link]
17. Jeddi K, Chaieb M. Changes in soil properties and vegetation following livestock grazing exclusion in degraded arid environments of South Tunisia. Flora Morphol Distrib Funct Ecol Plants. 2010;205(3):184-9. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.flora.2009.03.002]
18. Angassa A, Oba G. Effects of grazing pressure, age of enclosures and seasonality on bush cover dynamics and vegetation composition in southern Ethiopia. J Arid Environ. 2010;74(1):111-20. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.jaridenv.2009.07.015]
19. Teague WR, Dowhower SL, Baker SA, Haile N, DeLaune PB, Conover DM. Grazing management impacts on vegetation, soil biota and soil chemical, physical and hydrological properties in tall grass prairie. Agric Ecosyst Environ. 2011;141(3-4):310-22. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.agee.2011.03.009]
20. Yosef BA, Asmamaw DK. Rainwater harvesting: An option for dry land agriculture in arid and semi-arid Ethiopia. Int J Water Resour Environ Eng. 2015;7(2):17-28. [Link] [DOI:10.5897/IJWREE2014.0539]
21. Jahantigh M, Pessarakli M. Utilization of contour furrow and pitting techniques on desert rangelands: Evaluation of runoff, sediment, soil water content and vegetation cover. J Food Agric Environ. 2009;7(2):736-9. [Link]
22. Fireman M, Hayward HE. Indicator significance of some shrubs in the Escalante Desert, Utah. Bot Gaz. 1952;114(2):143-55. [Link] [DOI:10.1086/335757]
23. Noy-Meir I. Desert ecosystems: environment and producers. Ann Rev Ecol Syst. 1973;4(1):25-51. [Link] [DOI:10.1146/annurev.es.04.110173.000325]
24. Wienk CL, Sieg CH, McPherson GR. Evaluating the role of cutting treatments, fire and soil seed banks in an experimental framework in ponderosa pine forests of the Black Hills, South Dakota. For Ecol Manag. 2004;192(2-3):375-93. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.foreco.2004.02.004]
25. Caturla RN, Raventós J, Guàrdia R, Vallejo VR. Early post-fire regeneration dynamics of Brachypodium retusum Pers.(Beauv.) in old fields of the Valencia region (eastern Spain). Acta Oecologica. 2000;21(1):1-12. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/S1146-609X(00)00114-4]
26. Certini G. Effects of fire on properties of forest soils: A review. Oecologia. 2005;143(1):1-10. [Link] [DOI:10.1007/s00442-004-1788-8]
27. Fattahi B, Tahmasebi A. Fire influence on vegetation changes of Zagros mountainous rangelands (Case study: Hamadan province). J Rangel. 2010;4(2):228-39. [Persian] [Link]
28. Jiang Y, Kang M, Zhu Y, Xu G. Plant biodiversity patterns on Helan Mountain, China. Acta Oecologica. 2007;32(2):125-33. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.actao.2006.12.003]
29. Letey J. Causes and consequences of fire‐induced soil water repellency. Hydrol Processes. 2001;15(15):2867-75. [Link] [DOI:10.1002/hyp.378]
30. Verma S, Jayakumar S. Impact of forest fire on physical, chemical and biological properties of soil: A review. Proc Int Acad Ecol Environ Sci. 2012;2(3):168-76. [Link]
31. Palese A, Giovannini G, Lucchesi S, Dumontet S, Perucci P. Effect of fire on soil C, N and microbial biomass. Agron EDP Sci. 2004;24(1):47-53. [Link] [DOI:10.1051/agro:2003061]
32. Brye KR. Soil physiochemical changes following 12 years of annual burning in a humid-subtropical tallgrass prairie: A hypothesis. Acta Oecologica. 2006;30(3):407-13. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.actao.2006.06.001]
33. Javadi A, Mamon Z. Investigating the effects of natural fire on some soil characteristics and vegetation cover of rangeland ecosystem (Case study: Behbahan, Iran). J Renew Nat Resour Res. 2011;2(3):45-54. [Persian] [Link]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author