Volume 8, Issue 2 (2020)                   ECOPERSIA 2020, 8(2): 109-115 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Elahi M, Aliabadian M, Ghasempouri S, Winkler H. Significant Divergence and Conservatism in the Niche Evolution of the Eurasian Green Woodpecker Complex (Aves, Picidae). ECOPERSIA 2020; 8 (2) :109-115
URL: http://ecopersia.modares.ac.ir/article-24-38302-en.html
1- "Institute of Applied Zoology" and "Biology Department, Science Faculty", Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
2- "Institute of Applied Zoology" and "Biology Department, Science Faculty", Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran , aliabadi@um.ac.ir
3- Environmental Science Department, Natural Resources & Marine Sciences Faculty, Tarbiat Modares University, Nur, Iran
4- Interdisciplinary Life Sciences Department, Konrad Lorenz-Institute of Comparative Ethology, University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna, Austria
Abstract:   (2103 Views)
Aims: Integrating ecological niche models (ENMs) into phylogeographic studies, enables identifying the evolutionary processes and can be used to confirm species delimitation, particularly in species complex. The current study examined the divergence of two lineages of Eurasian green woodpecker complex (Picus viridis and P. innominatus), which were recently genetically proposed to the species level, using ecological niche modeling (ENM).
Materials & Methods: The ENMs were built using 1346 occurrence points, and environmental layers including 19 bioclimatic variables as well as elevation and land cover for past and present timescales. Niche identity, background tests and principal component analyses (PCA) were then performed to compare their ecological niches and explain ecological differentiation.
Findings: Results of identity and background tests and PCA revealed the lineages occupy unique and distinctive niches, and supported recently proposed genetically distinct species. Regarding the environmental variables, PCA results revealed that precipitation has a more important role in the separation of P. viridis and P. innominatus.
Conclusion: This study, in addition to provide an ecological support for recent molecular classifications, revealed niche conservatism had a more important role in the evolution of the two lineages of Eurasian green woodpecker complex.
Full-Text [PDF 641 kb]   (790 Downloads)    
Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Terrestrial Ecosystems
Received: 2019/11/15 | Accepted: 2019/12/19 | Published: 2020/05/19
* Corresponding Author Address: Biology Department, Science Faculty, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran. Postal Code: 9177948974

1. Kidd DM, Ritchie MG. Phylogeographic information systems: Putting the geography into phylogeography. J Biogeogr. 2006;33(11):1851-65. [Link] [DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2699.2006.01574.x]
2. Pearson RG. Species' distribution modeling for conservation educators and practitioners synthesis. Am Mus Nat Hist. 2007;50:54-89. [Link]
3. Wiens JJ, Graham CH. Niche conservatism: Integrating evolution, ecology, and conservation biology. Annu Rev Ecol Evol Syst. 2005;36:519-39. [Link] [DOI:10.1146/annurev.ecolsys.36.102803.095431]
4. Raxworthy CJ, Ingram CM, Rabibisoa N, Pearson RG. Applications of ecological niche modeling for species delimitation: A review and empirical evaluation using day geckos (Phelsuma) from Madagascar. Syst Biol. 2007;56(6):907-23. [Link] [DOI:10.1080/10635150701775111]
5. Dowell SA, Hekkala ER. Divergent lineages and conserved niches: Using ecological niche modeling to examine the evolutionary patterns of the Nile monitor (Varanus niloticus). Evolut Ecol. 2016;30(3):471-85. [Link] [DOI:10.1007/s10682-016-9818-7]
6. Van Valen L. Ecological species, multispecies, and oaks. Taxon. 1976;1:233-9. [Link] [DOI:10.2307/1219444]
7. Andersson L. The driving force: Species concepts and ecology. Taxon. 1990;39(3):375-82. [Link] [DOI:10.2307/1223084]
8. Dubois A. The relationships between taxonomy and conservation biology in the century of extinctions. Comptes Rendus Biol. 2003;1;326:9-21. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/S1631-0691(03)00022-2]
9. Hosseinian Yousefkhani SS, Rastegar-Pouyani E, Aliabadian M. Ecological niche differentiation and taxonomic distinction between Eremias strauchi strauchi and Eremias strauchi kopetdaghica (Squamata: Lacertidae) on the Iranian plateau based on ecological niche modeling. Ital J Zool. 2016;83(3):408-16. [Link] [DOI:10.1080/11250003.2016.1209581]
10. Gorman G. Woodpeckers of the world: The complete guide. London: A&C Black; 2014. [Link]
11. Pons JM, Olioso G, Cruaud C, Fuchs J. Phylogeography of the Eurasian green woodpecker (Picus viridis). J Biogeogr. 2011;38(2):311-25. [Link] [DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2699.2010.02401.x]
12. Perktas U, Barrowclough GF, Groth JG. Phylogeography and species limits in the green woodpecker complex (Aves: Picidae): Multiple pleistocene refugia and range expansion across Europe and the Near East. Biol J Linn Soc. 2011;104(3):710-23. [Link] [DOI:10.1111/j.1095-8312.2011.01750.x]
13. Perktaş U, Gür H, Ada E. Historical demography of the Eurasian green woodpecker: Integrating phylogeography and ecological niche modelling to test glacial refugia hypothesis. Folia Zool. 2015;64(3):284-96. [Link] [DOI:10.25225/fozo.v64.i3.a9.2015]
14. Del Hoyo J, Elliott A, Sargatal J, Christie DA, De Juana E. Handbook of the birds of the world alive. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions; 2014. [Link]
15. Lorenzen ED, Heller R, Siegismund HR. Comparative phylogeography of African savannah ungulates 1. Mol Ecol. 2012;21(15):3656-70. [Link] [DOI:10.1111/j.1365-294X.2012.05650.x]
16. Collins WD, Rasch PJ, Boville BA, Hack JJ, McCaa JR, Williamson DL, et al. The formulation and atmospheric simulation of the community atmosphere model version 3 (CAM3). J Clim. 2006;19(11):2144-61. [Link] [DOI:10.1175/JCLI3760.1]
17. Merow C, Smith MJ, Silander Jr JA. A practical guide to MaxEnt for modeling species' distributions: What it does, and why inputs and settings matter. Ecography. 2013;36(10):1058-69. [Link] [DOI:10.1111/j.1600-0587.2013.07872.x]
18. Elith J, Kearney M, Phillips S. The art of modelling range‐shifting species. Methods Ecol Evolut. 2010;1(4):330-42. [Link] [DOI:10.1111/j.2041-210X.2010.00036.x]
19. Liu C, Berry PM, Dawson TP, Pearson RG. Selecting thresholds of occurrence in the prediction of species distributions. Ecography. 2005;28(3):385-93. [Link] [DOI:10.1111/j.0906-7590.2005.03957.x]
20. Warren DL, Glor RE, Turelli M. Environmental niche equivalency versus conservatism: Quantitative approaches to niche evolution. Evolut Int J Org Evolut. 2008;62(11):2868-83. [Link] [DOI:10.1111/j.1558-5646.2008.00482.x]
21. Schoener TW. The Anolis lizards of Bimini: Resource partitioning in a complex fauna. Ecology. 1968;49(4):704-26. [Link] [DOI:10.2307/1935534]
22. Warren DL, Glor RE, Turelli M. ENMTools: A toolbox for comparative studies of environmental niche models. Ecography. 2010;33(3):607-11. [Link] [DOI:10.1111/j.1600-0587.2009.06142.x]
23. Wellenreuther M, Larson KW, Svensson EI. Climatic niche divergence or conservatism? environmental niches and range limits in ecologically similar damselflies. Ecology. 2012;93(6):1353-66. [Link] [DOI:10.1890/11-1181.1]
24. Wiens JJ, Ackerly DD, Allen AP, Anacker BL, Buckley LB, Cornell HV, et al. Niche conservatism as an emerging principle in ecology and conservation biology. Ecol Lett. 2010;13(10):1310-24. [Link] [DOI:10.1111/j.1461-0248.2010.01515.x]
25. Canestrelli D, Cimmaruta R, Nascetti G. Phylogeography and historical demography of the Italian treefrog, Hyla intermedia, reveals multiple refugia, population expansions and secondary contacts within peninsular Italy. Mol Ecol. 2007;16(22):4808-21. [Link] [DOI:10.1111/j.1365-294X.2007.03534.x]
26. Kamp L, Pasinelli G, Milanesi P, Drovetski SV, Kosiński Z, Kossenko S, et al. Significant Asia‐Europe divergence in the middle spotted woodpecker (Aves, Picidae). Zool Scr. 2019;48(1):17-32. [Link] [DOI:10.1111/zsc.12320]
27. Holm SR, Svenning JC. 180,000 years of climate change in Europe: Avifaunal responses and vegetation implications. PLoS One. 2014;9(4):e94021. [Link] [DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0094021]
28. Abellán P, Benetti CJ, Angus RB, Ribera I. A review of quaternary range shifts in European aquatic Coleoptera. Glob Ecol Biogeogr. 2011;20(1):87-100. [Link] [DOI:10.1111/j.1466-8238.2010.00572.x]
29. Hosseinian Yousefkhani SS, Aliabadian M, Rastegar-Pouyani E, Darvish J. Taxonomic revision of the spider geckos of the genus agamura senso lato blanford, 1874 (Sauria: Gekkonidae) in the Iranian plateau. Herpetol J. 2019;29(1):1-12. [Link] [DOI:10.33256/hj29.1.112]
30. James FC, Hess CA, Kicklighter BC, Thum RA. Ecosystem management and the niche gestalt of the red‐cockaded woodpecker in longleaf pine forests. Ecol Appl. 2001;11(3):854-70. [Link] [DOI:10.1890/1051-0761(2001)011[0854:EMATNG]2.0.CO;2]
31. Walsh ES, Vierling KT, Strand E, Bartowitz K, Hudiburg TW. Climate change, woodpeckers, and forests: Current trends and future modeling needs. Ecol Evolut. 2019;9(4):2305-19. [Link] [DOI:10.1002/ece3.4876]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.