Volume 8, Issue 4 (2020)                   ECOPERSIA 2020, 8(4): 231-245 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Hazbavi Z, Kalehhouei M. Watershed Management Sciences and Engineering Conference in Iran: History and Highlights. ECOPERSIA. 2020; 8 (4) :231-245
URL: http://ecopersia.modares.ac.ir/article-24-38221-en.html
1- "Department of Natural Resources, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources" and "Water Management Research Center", University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran , z.hazbavi@uma.ac.ir
2- Watershed Management Engineering and Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (99 Views)
Aims: Aim of the present study is to describe the history and outcomes of the Iranian Conference on Watershed Management Sciences and Engineering (WMSE) from 1973 to 2019.
Instruments & Methods: The archives of 14 WMSE conferences were first collected. Then, important information was derived and analyzed. 25 questionnaires were also analyzed.
Findings: The WMSE conference activities interrupted from late-1970s to early 1990s because of the Iran-Iraq war, Iranian Cultural Revolution and closure of the universities. Then, after 18 years from the 3rd WMSE conference, the Watershed Management Society of Iran (WMSI) decided to continue holding the series of watershed management conferences. According to the analysis of the last 11 conferences, 2794 papers with 5029 authors have been presented. In total, 2635, 2177, and 47 students respectively with PhD, MSc, and BSc students were contributed. In addition, 862 and 238 contributions were respectively made from university and research institute parts. The temporal pattern of number of papers published in the WMSE conference showed a cyclic pattern during 11 conferences which increased one and a half times (i.e., 54%) in seven years from 2008 to 2014, followed by a sharp decline in 2016 (71%; Yasouj City) and 2017 (77%; Malayer City).
Conclusion: Despite a large number of papers presented in the WMSE conferences, knowledge about the watershed governance needs to be improved. It was proved that 48, 32, 16, and 4% of the WMSE contributors respectively anticipated the medium, good, bad, and very bad future for WM state in the country.
Full-Text [PDF 889 kb]   (19 Downloads)    
Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Watershed Management
Received: 2019/11/12 | Accepted: 2020/02/20 | Published: 2020/09/22
* Corresponding Author Address: University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Daneshgah Street, Ardabil, Iran. Postal Code: 56199-11367.

References
1. Ghafouri M, Siadat H, Oweis T. Integrated watershed management in the upper catchments of Karkheh River Basin of Iran [Report]. Beirut: International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas; 2012. Report No.: CPWF Karkheh River Basin Research Report 11. [Link]
2. Mosaffaie J, Nikkami D, Salehpour Jam A. Watershed management in Iran: History, evolution and future needs. J Watershed Eng Manag. 2019;11(2):283-300. [Persian] [Link] [DOI:10.1007/s12517-018-3706-0]
3. National Research Council. New strategies for America's watersheds. Washington, DC: National Academies Press; 1999. [Link]
4. Ashrafi SM, Mahmoudi M. Developing a semi-distributed decision support system for great Karun water resources system. J Appl Res Water Wastewater. 2019;6(1):16-24. [Link]
5. Abdolahzadeh A, Ownegh M, Sadoddin A, Mostafazadeh R. Suitability assessment of rural settlement land-use using systematic model in Ziarat Watershed, Gorgan. J Geogr Reg Dev. 2016;13(25):183-200. [Persian] [Link]
6. Ghaffari G, Keesstra S, Ghodousi J, Ahmadi H. SWAT‐simulated hydrological impact of land‐use change in the Zanjanrood basin, Northwest Iran. Hydrol Processes Int J. 2010;24(7):892-903. [Link] [DOI:10.1002/hyp.7530]
7. Nabavi N, Mostafazadeh R, Asiabi-Hir R, Hazbavi Z. Determining the monthly utilizable water volume from Zahre River to secure drinking water of Handijan City. J Irrig Water Eng. 2018;8(31):111-24. [Persian] [Link]
8. Hazbavi Z, Baartman JE, Nunes JP, Keesstra SD, Sadeghi SH. Changeability of reliability, resilience and vulnerability indicators with respect to drought patterns. Ecol Indic. 2018;87:196-208. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.ecolind.2017.12.054]
9. Hazbavi Z, Keesstra SD, Nunes JP, Baartman JE, Gholamalifard M, Sadeghi SH. Health comparative comprehensive assessment of watersheds with different climates. Ecol Indic. 2018;93:781-90. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.ecolind.2018.05.078]
10. Hazbavi Z, Sadeghi SH, Gholamalifard M. Land cover based watershed health assessment. AGROFOR Int J. 2018;3(3):47-55. [Link] [DOI:10.7251/AGRENG1803047H]
11. Thornbrugh DJ, Leibowitz SG, Hill RA, Weber MH, Johnson ZC, Olsen AR, et al. Mapping watershed integrity for the conterminous United States. Ecol Indic. 2018;85:1133-48. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.ecolind.2017.10.070]
12. Parkes MW, Morrison KE, Bunch MJ, Hallström LK, Neudoerffer RC, Venema HD, et al. Towards integrated governance for water, health and social-ecological systems: The watershed governance prism. Glob Environ Change. 2010;20(4):693-704. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2010.06.001]
13. Garda C, Castleden H, Conrad C. Monitoring, restoration, and source water protection: Canadian community-based environmental organizations' efforts towards improving aquatic ecosystem health. Water. 2017;9(3):212. [Link] [DOI:10.3390/w9030212]
14. Hazbavi Z, Sadeghi SH. Potential effects of vinasse as a soil amendment to control runoff and soil loss. Soil. 2016;2(1):71-8. [Link] [DOI:10.5194/soil-2-71-2016]
15. Biswas MR, Chakraborty S. Watershed prioritization based on geo-morphometry and land use parameters-an approach to watershed development using remote sensing and GIS, Neora watershed, Darjeeling and Jalpaiguri districts, West Bengal, India. IOSR J Appl Geol Geophys. 2016;4(3):36-48. [Link]
16. Morrison KE, Parkes MW, Hallstrom LH, Neudoerffer RC, Bunch MJ, Venema HD. Ecohealth and watersheds: Watersheds as settings for health and well‐being in Canada. Winnipeg: International Institute for Sustainable Development; 2012. [Link]
17. Perry J, Thompson L. Empowering the next generation of watershed decision-makers: A pedagogical design. Water. 2019;11(4):662. [Link] [DOI:10.3390/w11040662]
18. Sadeghi SH, Hazbavi Z, Younesi H. Sustainable watershed management through applying appropriate level of soil amendments. The 2nd International Conference on Sustainable Watershed Management, 2014 October 13-15, Sarigerme, Turkey. London: Taylor & Francis Group; 2015. [Link] [DOI:10.1201/b17433-40]
19. Sareshtehdari M, Ghafouri M., Jafari Ardakani A, Bayat R. Reliability of land capability map in watershed hydrological simulation using SWAT Model. ECOPERSIA. 2014;2(3):715-25. [Link]
20. Chatrsimab Z, Ghavimi Panah MH, Vafaeinejad AR, Hazbavi Z, Boloori S. Prioritizing of the Sub-watersheds using the soil loss cost approach (A case study; Selj-Anbar Watershed, Iran). ECOPERSIA. 2019;7(3):161-8. [Link]
21. Wang G, Mang Sh, Cai H, Liu Sh, Zhang Z, Wang L, et al. Integrated watershed management: Evolution, development and emerging trends. J For Res. 2016;27(5):967-94. [Link] [DOI:10.1007/s11676-016-0293-3]
22. Ffolliott PF, Baker MB, Edminster CB, Dillon MC, Mora KL. Land stewardship through watershed management, perspective for 21st Century. Berlin: Springer Science+Business Media; 2002. [Link] [DOI:10.1007/978-1-4615-0589-1]
23. frw.ir/02/En/ [Internet]. Tehran: Forests, Range and Watershed Management Organization of Iran; 2020 [cited 2020 February 2]. Available from: https://www.frw.ir/02/en/staticpages/page.aspx?tid=13238. [Persian] [Link]
24. maj.ir [Internet]. Tehran: Ministry of Agriculture Jihad; 2020 [cited 2020 February 2]. Available from: https://maj.ir/index.aspx?lang=2&sub=0. [Persian] [Link]
25. Sadeghi SH, Kazemi Kia S, Hazbavi Z. Selection of representative watersheds in homogeneous regions of Iran. Gorgan: Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources; 2019. [Persian] [Link]
26. watershedmg.com [Internet]. Gorgan: watershedmg.com; 2020 [cited 2020 February 2]. Available from: https://watershedmg.com/ [Link]
27. Sadoddin A, Sheikh VB, Ownegh M, Najafi Nejad A, Sadeghi HR. Development of a National Mega Research Project on the integrated watershed management for Iran. Environ Resour Res. 2016;4(2):231-8. [Link]
28. www.en.unesco.org [Internet]. Paris: www.en.unesco.org [cited 2020 February 2]. Available from: www.en.unesco.org [Link]
29. euwma.org [Internet]. The Hague: euwma.org [cited 2020 February 2]. Available from: https://www.euwma.org/ [Link]
30. nrcs.usda.gov [Internet]. Washington, D.C.: USDA [cited 2020 February 2]. Available from: https://www.nrcs.usda.gov/wps/portal/nrcs/site/national/home/ [Link]
31. www.waswac.org [Internet]. Beijing: WASWAC [cited 2020 February 2]. Available from: www.waswac.org [Link]
32. soilconservation.eu [Internet]. Palermo: ESSC; 2014 [cited 2020 February 2]. Available from: http://www.soilconservation.eu/ [Link]
33. iwa-network.org [Internet]. London: IWA; 2019 [cited 2020 February 2]. Available from: https://iwa-network.org/ [Link]
34. wmao.clubexpress.com [Internet]. Ohio: Water Management Association of Ohio; 2020 [cited 2020 February 2]. Available from: https://wmao.org/content.aspx?sl=1580170951 [Link]
35. bwsr.state.mn.us [Internet]. Saint Paul: Minnesota Board of Water and Soil Resources; 2019 [cited 2020 February 2]. Available from: http://www.bwsr.state.mn.us/ [Link]
36. msrt.ir/en [Internet]. Tehran: Ministry of Science, Research and Technology [cited 2020 February 2]. Available from: https://www.msrt.ir/en. [Persian] [Link]
37. www.isiwee.ir [Internet]. Kerman: Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman [cited 2020 February 2]. Available from: www.isiwee.ir [Link]
38. iransrm.ir [Internet]. Tehran: Iranian Society for Range Management [cited 2020 February 2]. Available from: http://iransrm.ir/. [Persian] [Link]
39. ircsa.ir [Internet]. Tehran: Iranian Rainwater Catchment Systems Association [cited 2020 February 2]. Available from: http://ircsa.ir/en. [Persian] [Link]
40. soiliran.org [Internet]. Tehran: Soil Science Society of Iran [cited 2020 February 2]. Available from: http://soiliran.org/#. [Persian] [Link]
41. wmsi.ir [Internet]. Tehran: Watershed Management Society of Iran [cited 2020 February 2]. Available from: http://wmsi.ir/en. [Persian] [Link]
42. Razavi R. The cultural revolution in Iran, with close regard to the universities, and its impact on the student movement. Middle Eastern Stud. 2009;45(1):1-7. [Link] [DOI:10.1080/00263200802547586]
43. Esfandiarpour-Borujeni I, Mosleh Z, Javaheri F. Iranian Soil Science Congress: History (1972-2017) and selected highlights. Geoderma. 2018;332:29-36. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.geoderma.2018.07.007]
44. en.ndf.ir/default.aspx [Internet]. Tehran: National Development Fund of Islamic Republic of Iran [cited 2020 February 2]. Available from: http://en.ndf.ir/default.aspx [Link]
45. Roudi F, Azadi P, Mesgaran M. Iran's population dynamics and demographic window of opportunity. Stanford: Stanford University; 2017. [Link]
46. wmsi.ir [Internet]. Tehran: Watershed Management Society of Iran [cited 2020 February 2]. Available from: http://wmsi.ir/en. [Persian] [Link]
47. jwmsei.ir/index.php?slc_lang=en&sid=1 [Internet]. Tehran: Iranian Journal of Watershed Management Science and Engineering [cited 2020 February 2]. Available from: http://jwmsei.ir/index.php?slc_lang=en&sid=1. [Persian] [Link]
48. en.sanru.ac.ir [Internet]. Sari: Sari Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University [cited 2020 February 2]. Available from: https://en.sanru.ac.ir/. [Persian] [Link]
49. jwmsei.ir/index.php?slc_lang=en&sid=1 [Internet]. Tehran: Iranian Journal of Watershed Management Science and Engineering [cited 2020 February 2]. Available from: http://jwmsei.ir/index.php?slc_lang=en&sid=1. [Persian] [Link]
50. wmji.ir/en/ [Internet]. Tehran: Extension and Development of Watershed Management [cited 2020 February 2]. Available from: http://wmji.ir/en/. [Persian] [Link]
51. ije.ut.ac.ir [Internet]. Tehran: Iranian Journal of ECOHYDROLOGY [cited 2020 February 2]. Available from: https://ije.ut.ac.ir/. [Persian] [Link]
52. Madani K, AghaKouchak A, Mirchi A. Iran's socio-economic drought: challenges of a water-bankrupt nation. Iran Stud. 2016;49(6):997-1016. [Link] [DOI:10.1080/00210862.2016.1259286]
53. FAO. Iran (Islamic Republic of). In: Frenken K, editor. Irrigation in the Middle East region in figures. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations; 2009. pp. 185-98. [Link]
54. Amiraslani F, Dragovich D. Combating desertification in Iran over the last 50 years: An overview of changing approaches. J Environ Manag. 2011;92(1):1-13. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.jenvman.2010.08.012]
55. Mosayeb H, Arifin A, Nik MM, Shamshuddin J. Land degradation and preventive measures from the perspective of the stakeholders. Am J Appl Sci. 2013;10(9):1061-76. [Link] [DOI:10.3844/ajassp.2013.1061.1076]
56. Hashemi SM. Local water governance in Iran: Issues, challenges and approaches. 1st Conference on Governance and Public Policy, 2018 January 3-4, IRIB Intrnational Conference Center, Tehran, Iran. Tehran: Policy Research Institute of Sharif University of Technology; 2018. [Link]
57. Athari Z, Pezeshki Rad G, Abbasi E, Alibaygi A. Challenges facing watershed management in Iran by using Delphi Technique. J Watershed Manag Res. 2017;8(15):268-79. [Persian] [Link]
58. Safavi HR, Golmohammadi MH, Sandoval-Solis S. Scenario analysis for integrated water resources planning and management under uncertainty in the Zayandehrud river basin. J Hydrol. 2016;539:625-39. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2016.05.073]
59. Rezayan A, Rezayan AH. Future studies of water crisis in Iran based on processing scenario. Iran J Ecohydrol. 2016;3(1):1-11. [Link]
60. Abarghouei HB, Zarch MA, Dastorani MT, Kousari MR, Zarch MS. The survey of climatic drought trend in Iran. Stoch Environ Res Risk Assess. 2011;25(6):851-63. [Link] [DOI:10.1007/s00477-011-0491-7]
61. Solaymani HR, Gosain AK. Assessment of climate change impacts in a semi-arid watershed in Iran using regional climate models. J Water Clim Chang. 2015;6(1):161-80. [Link] [DOI:10.2166/wcc.2014.076]
62. Sadeghi SH, Hazbavi Z. Trend analysis of the rainfall erosivity index at different time scales in Iran. Nat Hazards. 2015;77(1):383-404. [Link] [DOI:10.1007/s11069-015-1607-z]
63. Sadeghi SH, Hazbavi Z. Spatiotemporal variation of watershed health propensity through reliability-resilience-vulnerability based drought index (case study: Shazand Watershed in Iran). Sci Total Environ. 2017;587-588:168-76. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.02.098]
64. Mostafazadeh R, Sadoddin A, Bahremand A, Sheikh V, Nazarnejad H. Assessing hydrological effects of Jafar-Abad watershed management project in Golestan province using HEC-HMS model. J Watershed Eng Manag. 2010;2(2):83-93. [Persian] [Link]
65. Mizutori M. From risk to resilience: Pathways for sustainable development. Prog Disaster Sci. 2019;2:100011. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.pdisas.2019.100011]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author