Volume 8, Issue 1 (2020)                   ECOPERSIA 2020, 8(1): 33-39 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Hosseinzadeh J, Tongo A. Comparison of Survival and Growth of Different Seed Origins of Eucalyptus camaldulensis in Arid Region of Mehran, Iran. ECOPERSIA 2020; 8 (1) :33-39
URL: http://ecopersia.modares.ac.ir/article-24-35124-en.html
1- Forest Sciences Department, Agriculture Faculty, Ilam University, Ilam, Iran , j.hoseinzadeh@gmail.com
2- Sari Agricultural Sciences & Natural Resources Research Center, University Sari, Sari, Iran
Abstract:   (2027 Views)
Aims: Eucalyptus camaldulensis is one of the most productive and best adapted species in the afforestation. The aim of the present study was to investigate the growth and survival rate of five Eucalyptus camaldulensis provenances (two from Mazandaran, one from Guilan, one from Ahwaz, and one from Ilam) at the Research Center of Tropical Plants in Mehran, Iran, during 2009-2013. Materials & Methods: The experiment was carried out in Mehran Research Station in Ilam Province with a randomized complete block design and three replications, at 25 plants in each block at a distance of 4×4m. At the end of the growing season, survival, height, circumference at breast height (C.B.H), canopy diameter growth (C.D.G) 147 trees were evaluated.
Findings: The result of ANOVA indicated a significant difference between the provenance origins for all traits (p<0.01). The survival rate of the studied provenances ranged from 41.7% to 98.3%, whereas Shafarood and Mehran provenances had the highest rate of survival. The mean of annual height growth of five studied provenances varied from 64.57 to 205.29cm. In addition, the characteristics of C.B.H and C.D.G in the selected provenances ranged between 3.60 to 9.44 and 25.51 to 75.26cm, respectively. Among the above mentioned characteristics, Shafarood followed by Ahwaz had the greatest values.
Conclusion: The seedlings from the Shafarood origin indicated the highest average in all the studied characteristics. The results provide useful information for choice of E. camaldulensis provenances to apply future afforestation in the Mehran region.
Full-Text [PDF 710 kb]   (644 Downloads)    
Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Ecological Science
Received: 2019/07/24 | Accepted: 2019/10/26 | Published: 2020/03/14
* Corresponding Author Address: Forest Sciences Department, Agriculture Faculty, Ilam University, Ilam, Iran

1. Sadeghi SM, Sardabi H, Kazerooni H, Sharifi MA, Farrar N, Rashvand S. Adaptability and performance of industrial Eucalyptus species in Dashtestan, Bushehr province. Iran J For Poplar Res. 2018;26(2):264-75. [Persian] [Link]
2. Ginwal HS, Rawat PS, Srivastava RL. Seed source variation in growth performance and oil yield of Jatropha curcas Linn. in central India. Silvae Genetica. 2004;53(1-6):186-92. [Link] [DOI:10.1515/sg-2004-0034]
3. Rad MH, Sardabi H, Soltani M, Ghelmani SV. Successful eucalyptus species for afforestation and development of green spaces under irrigation with sewage (case study: Yazd wastewater treatment plant). Nat Iran. 2019;4(3):51-9. [Persian] [Link]
4. Karamian R, Sardabi H, Mohammadian A, Mehdifar D, Darvishian K. Investigation on adaptability and performance of industrial Eucalyptus provenances at Khorramabad in Lorestan province. Iran J For Poplar Res. 2015;23(1):167-76. [Persian] [Link]
5. Egenti LC. The Danish/Fao international provenance trials of Teotona grandis in Nigeria. Indian For. 1978;104(4):227-37. [Link]
6. Alvaninejad S, Tabari M, Espahbodi K, Taghvaei M, Hamzepour M. Morphology and germination characteristics of Quercus brantii Lindl. acorns in nursery. Iran J For Poplar Res. 2010;17(4):523-33. [Persian] [Link]
7. Vivekanandan K. First year results of the teak provenance trial in Sri Lanka. Sri Lanka For. 1977;13(1-2):31-3. [Link]
8. Mortazavi Jahromi SM. Introduction of adaptable Eucalyptus species to the west of Fars province [Report]. Tehran: Research Institute of Forest and Rangelands; 1994. Report No. Unknown. [Persian] [Link]
9. Dejam M, Khaleghi SS, Ataollahi R. A study of seed germination and seedling growth of eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) affected by various solvents extract of leaves of Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus globulus Labill). J Cell Mol Res. 2017;29(2):170-80. [Persian] [Link]
10. Mohammadi N, Rajaie P, Fahimi H. The allelopathic assay of Eucalyptus camaldulensis Labill on morphological and physiological parameters on monocot and dicot plants. Iran J Biol. 2013;25(3):456-64. [Persian] [Link]
11. Goodarzi GR, Ahmadloo F. Investigation on adaptability and performance of species and provenances of Eucalyptus in Markazi province (Saveh). Iran J For Poplar Res. 2018;25(4):634-45. [Persian] [Link]
12. Bachelard EP. Effects of soil moisture stress on the growth of seedlings of three Eucalypt species. I. Seed germination. Aust For Res. 1985;15(2):1138-49. [Link]
13. Gibson A, Bachelard EP. Variations in seed and seedling responses to water stress in three provenances of Eucalyptus camaldulensis Dehnh. Ann Sci For. 1989;46(suppl):388-92. [Link] [DOI:10.1051/forest:19890588]
14. Wang D, Bachelard EP, Banks JC. Growth and water relations of seedlings of two subspecies of Eucalyptus globulus. Tree Physiol. 1988;4(2):129-38. [Link] [DOI:10.1093/treephys/4.2.129]
15. Varghese M, Harwood CE, Hegde R, Ravi N. Evaluation of provenances of Eucalyptus camaldulensis and clones of E. camaldulensis and E. tereticornis at contrasting sites in southern India. Silvae Genetica. 2008;57(1-6):170-9. [Link] [DOI:10.1515/sg-2008-0026]
16. Li B, Arnold RJ, Luo J, Baker TG. Evaluation of Eucalyptus red gum species and provenances for inland humid subtropical regions of southern China. Aust For. 2016;79(1):43-52. [Link] [DOI:10.1080/00049158.2015.1093736]
17. Varghese M, Harwood CE, Bush DJ, Baltunis B, Kamalakannan R, Suraj PG, et al. Growth and wood properties of natural provenances, local seed sources and clones of Eucalyptus camaldulensis in southern India: Implications for breeding and deployment. New For. 2017;48(1):67-82. [Link] [DOI:10.1007/s11056-016-9556-2]
18. Pinyopusarerk K, Doran JC, Williams ER, Wasuwanich P. Variation in growth of Eucalyptus camaldulensis provenances in Thailand. For Ecol Manag. 1996;87(1-3):63-73. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/S0378-1127(96)03835-2]
19. Sun D, Dickinson GR. Preliminary results of a provenance trial of Eucalyptus camaldulensis in a dry tropical area of North Australia. J Trop For Sci. 1997;9(3):354-8. [Link]
20. Mahmood K, Naqvi MH, Marcar NE. Genetic variation in Eucalyptus camaldulensis Dehnh. in a provenance-family trials on saline soil. Pak J Bot. 2009;41(5):2281-7. [Link]
21. Moreshet S. Physiological activity, in a semiarid environment, of Eucalyptus camaldulensis Dehn. from two provenances. Aust J Bot. 1981;29(1):97-110. [Link] [DOI:10.1071/BT9810097]
22. Reddy BVP, Kumar RV, Rao PS. Provenance trial of Eucalyptus camaldulensis in Andhra Pradesh, India. Vienna: International :union: of Forest Research Organizations; 1999. pp. 310-4. [Link]
23. Kumaravelu G, Stanley J, Rai RS, Balan S. Provenances of Eucalyptus camaldulensis Dehnh and E. tereticornis Sm suitable to South Indian conditions-results of an IUFRO trial. Ann For. 1995;3(2):129-33. [Link]
24. Chamshama SA, Mugasha AG, Wate PA. Variation in performance of Eucalyptus tereticornis provenances at Michafutene, Mozambique. Silvae Genetica. 1999;48(6):261-6. [Link]
25. Mahmood K, Marcar NE, Naqvi MH, Arnold RJ, Crawford DF, Iqbal S, et al. Genetic variation in Eucalyptus camaldulensis Dehnh. for growth and stem straightness in a provenance-family trial on saltland in Pakistan. For Ecol Manag. 2003;176(1-3):405-16. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/S0378-1127(02)00230-X]
26. Chmura DJ, Rozkowski R. Variability of beech provenances in spring and autumn phenology. Silvae Genetica. 2002;51(2-3):123-7. [Link]
27. Court-Picon M, Gadbin-Henry C, Guibal F, Roux M. Dendrometry and morphometry of Pinus pinea L. in Lower Provence (France): Adaptability and variability of provenances. For Ecol Manag. 2004;194(1-3):319-33. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.foreco.2004.02.024]
28. Verzino G, Carranza C, Ledesma M, Joseau J, Di Rienzo J. Adaptive genetic variation of Prosopis chilensis (Mol) Stuntz: Preliminary results from one test-site. For Ecol Manag. 2003;175(1-3):119-29. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/S0378-1127(02)00124-X]
29. Gwaze DP, Byram TD, Raley EM. Performance of Nuttall oak (Quercus texana Buckl.) provenances in the western gulf region. Proceedings of the 27th Southern Forest Tree Improvement Conference, 2003 June 24-27, Stillwater, USA. Stillwater: Miscellaneous Publication; 2003. [Link]
30. Rostamikia Y, Sardabi H. Adaptability investigation of six species of gum tree for afforestation under dryland conditions. J Renew Nat Resour Res. 2016;7(2):1-13. [Persian] [Link]
31. Norcini JG, Aldrich JH, Martin FG. Seed source effects on growth and flowering of Coreopsis lanceolata and Salvia lyrata. J Environ Hortic. 2001;19(4):212-5. [Link]
32. Cecil P, Fare D. Effects of seed source on first year growth of Quercus phellos and Quercus shumardii. In: James BL. SNA reserch confrence proceedings. 47th Volume. New Delhi: SNA Publication; 2002. [Link]
33. Bergin DO, Kimberley MO, Low CB. Provenance variation in Podocarpus totara (D. Don): Growth, tree form and wood density on a coastal site in the north of the natural range, New Zealand. For Ecol Manag. 2008;255(5-6):1367-78. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.foreco.2007.10.053]
34. Mamo N, Mihretu M, Fekadu M, Tigabu M, Teketay D. Variation in seed and germination characteristics among Juniperus procera populations in Ethiopia. For Ecol Manag. 2006;225(1-3):320-7. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.foreco.2006.01.026]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.