Volume 8, Issue 2 (2020)                   ECOPERSIA 2020, 8(2): 89-96 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Rafatpour S, Shahriari A, Saberi M, Karvarinasab M, Tarnian F. Effects of Priming on Germination and Seedling Growth of Zygophyllum atriplicoides under Drought Stress. ECOPERSIA 2020; 8 (2) :89-96
URL: http://ecopersia.modares.ac.ir/article-24-19315-en.html
1- Natural Resources Faculty, University of Zabol, Zabol, Iran
2- Landscape Design Engineering Department, Sustainable Agricultural Faculty, University of Sistan and Baluchestan, Zahedan, Iran , ali_shariari@eco.usb.ic.ir
3- Water & Soil Faculty, University of Zabol, Zabol, Iran
4- Department of Agronomy & Plant Breeding Department, Natural Resources & Agriculture Faculty, Science & Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
5- Range & Watershed Management Department, Agriculture & Natural Resources Faculty, Lorestan University, Khorram Abad, Iran
Abstract:   (2676 Views)
Aims: The present study aims to shed light on the effects of different treatments of gibberellic, salicylic and ascorbic acid on improving germination parameters of Zygophyllum atriplicoides under in vitro drought stress condition.
Materials & Methods: The experiment was conducted in a factorial in a completely randomized design. Five levels of drought stress (0, -0.3, -0.6, -0.9, and -1.2Mpa) with and without priming treatments were used in this experiment. The priming treatments included three levels of salicylic acid (100, 200, and 300mg/L), three levels of gibberellic acid (125, 250, and 500ppm), three levels of ascorbic acid (100, 200, and 300mg/L) and simultaneously distilled water were used as control. Each level of treatments had 4 replications and the total number of replications was 200. The studied traits included germination rate, germination percentage, rootlet length, shoot length, seedling length, and seed vigor index.
Findings: According to the results, priming improved germination rate, germination percentage, rootlet length, shoot length, seedling length, and seed vigor index. Among all priming levels, 250ppm gibberellic acid accounted for the highest effect on germination traits of this species under all drought stress conditions.
Conclusion: priming with gibberellic acid had significantly more impact on germination parameters under drought stress. Hence, this method serves as a promising step to improve the germination parameters of this plant.
Full-Text [PDF 853 kb]   (758 Downloads)    
Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Rangeland Ecosystems
Received: 2018/04/23 | Accepted: 2019/12/4 | Published: 2020/05/19
* Corresponding Author Address: Floor 4, Landscape Design Engineering Department, Sustainable Agricultural Faculty, University of Sistan and Baluchestan, Zahedan, Iran. Postal Code: 9816745845

References
1. Moghimi J. Introduction of some important rangeland species suitable for development and improvement of Iranian rangelands. 1st Edition. Tehran: Arvan Press; 2005. [Persian] [Link]
2. Maraghni M, Gorai M, Neffati M. Seed germination at different temperatures and water stress levels, and seedling emergence from different depths of Ziziphus lotus. South Afr J Bot. 2017;76(3):453-9. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.sajb.2010.02.092]
3. Ashraf M, Foolad MR. Pre‐sowing seed treatment-a shotgun approach to improve germination, plant growth, and crop yield under saline and non‐saline conditions. Adv Agron. 2005;88:223-71. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/S0065-2113(05)88006-X]
4. Baalbaki RZ, Zurayk RA, Bleik MM, Talhouk SN. Germination and seedling development of drought tolerant and susceptible wheat under moisture stress. Seed Sci Technol. 1999;27(1):291-302. [Link]
5. Esvand HR. Effect of seed priming on seed old physiological quality under drought stress wheat grass [Dissertation]. Tehran: University of Tehran; 2008. [Persian] [Link]
6. Kaur S, Gupta AK, Kaur N. Effect of GA3, kinetin and indole acetic acid on carbohydrate metabolism in chickpea seedlings germination under water stress. Plant Growth Regul. 2000;30(1):61-70. [Link] [DOI:10.1023/A:1006371219048]
7. Senaratna T, Touchell D, Bunn E, Dixon K. Acetyl salicylic acid (Aspirin) and salicylic acid induces multiple stress tolerance in bean and tomato plants. Plant Growth Regul. 2000;30(2):157-61. [Link] [DOI:10.1023/A:1006386800974]
8. Black M, Bewley JD. Seed technology and its biological basis. Boca Raton: CRC Press; 2000. [Link]
9. Yuan-Yuan SU, Yong-Jian SU, Ming-Tian WA, Xu-Yi LI, Xiang GU, Rong HU, et al. Effects of seed priming on germination and seedling growth under water stress in rice. Acta Agron Sinica. 2010;36(11):1931-40. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/S1875-2780(09)60085-7]
10. Heydariyan M, Basirani N, Sharifi-Rad M, Khmmari I, Rafat Poor SR. Effect of seed priming on germination and seedling growth of the caper (capparis spinosa) under drought stress. Int J Adv Biol Biomed Res. 2014;2(8):2381-9. [Link]
11. Li J, Yin LY, Jongsma MA, Wang CY. Effects of light, hydropriming and abiotic stress on seed germination, and shoot and root growth of pyrethrum (Tanacetum cinerariifolium). Ind Crop Prod. 2011;34(3):1543-49. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.indcrop.2011.05.012]
12. Ansari O, Sharifzadeh F. Osmo and hydro priming improvement germination characteristics and enzyme activity of Mountain Rye (Secale montanum) seeds under drought stress. J Stress Physiol Biochem. 2012;8:253-61. [Link]
13. Fang J, Wu F, Yang W, Zhang J, Cia H. Effects of drought on the growth and resource use efficiency of two endemic species in an arid ecotone. Acta Ecol Sin. 2012;32(4):195-201. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.chnaes.2012.05.001]
14. Kaya MD, Okcu G, Atak M, Cikili Y, Kolsarici O. Seed treatment to overcome salt and drought stress during germination in sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.). Eur J Agron. 2006;24(4):291-5. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.eja.2005.08.001]
15. Zhu ZB, Lu WW, Guo QS, Cao YY, Feng S, Ning ZJ. Impact of priming on seed germination and seedling growth of Oldenlandia diffusa under drought stress. Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 2014;39(8):1391-5. [Chinese] [Link]
16. Alvani F, Dianati Tilaki GA, Sadati E. The effects of seed priming with ascorbic acid on seed germination and morphological traits of Taverniera cuneifolia under drought stress. J Rangel Sci. 2018;8(3):264-71. [Link]
17. Shatpathy P, Kar M, Kumar Dwibedi SK, Dash A. Seed priming with salicylic acid improves germination and seedling growth of rice (Oryza sativa L.) under PEG-6000 induced water stress. Int J Curr Microbiol Appl Sci. 2018;7(10):907-24. [Link] [DOI:10.20546/ijcmas.2018.710.101]
18. Pinheiro CL, Araujo HT, De Brito SF, Da Silva Maia M, Da Silvia Viana J, MedeirosFilho S. Seed priming and tolerance to salt and water stress in divergent grain sorghum genotypes. Am J Plant Sci. 2018;9(9):606-16. [Link] [DOI:10.4236/ajps.2018.94047]
19. Michel BE, Kaufmann MR. The osmotic potential of polyethylene glycol 6000. Plant Physiol. 1973;51(5):914-6. [Link] [DOI:10.1104/pp.51.5.914]
20. Kaya MD, Okçu G, Atak M, Çıkılı Y, Kolsarıcı Ö. Seed treatments to overcome salt and drought stress during germination in sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.). Europ J Agron. 2006;24(4):291-5. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.eja.2005.08.001]
21. Agarwal PK. Techniques in seed (science and technology). New Delhi: South Asian Publishers; 1995. [Link]
22. Aman Publishing House. Seed technology. 2nd Edition. New Delhi: Aman Publishing House; 2011. [Link]
23. Ramazani GM, Taghvaei M, Masoudi M, Riahi A, Behbahani N. The evaluation of drought and salinity effects on germination and seedling growth caper (Capparis spinosa). J Rangel. 2009;2(4):411-20. [Persian] [Link]
24. Tobe K, Li X, Omasa K. Seed germination and radicle growth of a halophyte, Kalidium capsicum (Chenopodiaceae). Anno Bot. 2000;85(3):391-6. [Link] [DOI:10.1006/anbo.1999.1077]
25. Afzal I. Seed enhancements to induced salt tolerance in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) [Dissertation]. Pakistan: University of Agriculture Faislabad; 2005. [Link]
26. Bayoumi TY, Eid MH, Metwali EM. Application of physiological and biochemical indices as a screening techniques for drought tolerance in wheat genotypes. Afr J Biotechnol. 2008;7(14):2341-52. [Link]
27. Kafi Falavarjani FM, Nezami A, Hosseini H, Masomi A. Physiological effects of drought stress by polyethylene glycol on germination of lentil (lens culinaris medik.) genotypes. Iran J Field Crop Res. 2005;3(1):69-80. [Persian] [Link]
28. Zeng YJ, Wang YR, Zhang JM. Is reduced seed germination due to water limitation a spatial survival strategy used by xerophytes in arid dunes?. J Arid Environ. 2010;74(4):508-11. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.jaridenv.2009.09.013]
29. Zare S, Tavili A, Shahbazi A, Riyahi A. The Effect of different salicylic acid concentrations on improved germination characteristics of sanguisorba minor L. under salt and drought stress. Iran J Nat Resour. 2010;63(1):29-39. [Persian] [Link]
30. Netondo GW, Onyango JC, Beck E. Sorghum and salinity: I response of growth, water relation, and ion accumulation to NaCl salinity. Crop Sci. 2004;44(3):797-805. https://doi.org/10.2135/cropsci2004.0797 [Link] [DOI:10.2135/cropsci2004.7970]
31. Hsu JL, Sung JM. Antioxidant role of glutathione associated with accelerated aging and hydration of triploid Watermelon seeds. Physiol Plant. 1997;100(4):967-74. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-3054.1997.tb00024.x [Link] [DOI:10.1034/j.1399-3054.1997.1000424.x]
32. Mauromicale G, Cavallaro VA. Comparative study of the effects of different compounds on priming of tomato seed germination under suboptimal temperatures. Seed Sci Technol. 1997;25(3):399-408. [Link]
33. Cirak C, Ayan AK, Kevseroglu K. The effects of light and some presoaking treatments on germination rate of st. John's worth (Hypericum perforatum L.) seeds. Pak J Biol Sci. 2004;7(2):182-6. [Link] [DOI:10.3923/pjbs.2004.182.186]
34. Demiral T, Türkan I. Comparative lipid peroxidation, antioxidant defense systems and proline content in roots of two rice cultivars differing in salt tolerance. Environ Exp Bot. 2005;53(3):247-57. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.envexpbot.2004.03.017]
35. Nun NB, Plakhine D, Joel D, Mayer AM. Changes in the activity of the alternative oxidase in Orobanche seeds during conditioning and their possible physiological function. Phytochemistry. 2003;64(1):235-41. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/S0031-9422(03)00165-1]
36. Smirnoff N. The function and metabolism of ascorbic acid in plants. Ann Bot. 1996;78:661-9. [Link] [DOI:10.1006/anbo.1996.0175]
37. Saberi M, Niknahad-Gharmakhe H, Heshmati G, Barani H, Shahriari AR. Effects of different drought and salinity levels on seed germination of citrullus colocynthis. Ecopersia. 2017;5(3):903-1917. [Link]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.