Volume 9, Issue 3 (2021)                   ECOPERSIA 2021, 9(3): 169-177 | Back to browse issues page

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Vatani L, Najafi A, Rafiee A, Shamsi S. Analytic Network Process as an Approach to Prioritize Wood Raw Material for Wood and Paper Factories. ECOPERSIA. 2021; 9 (3) :169-177
URL: http://ecopersia.modares.ac.ir/article-24-15737-en.html
1- Department of Forest Science and Engineering, Faculty of Natural Resources, Tarbiat Modares University, Noor, Iran
2- Department of Forest Science and Engineering, Faculty of Natural Resources, Tarbiat Modares University, Noor, Iran , najafi_akbar@yahoo.com
3- Department of Forest, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Agriculture Sciences and Natural Resources, Sari, Iran
4- Department of Wood and Paper Science and Engineering, Faculty of Natural Resources, Tarbiat Modares University, Noor, Iran
Abstract:   (464 Views)
Aims: Increasing the wood demands at the global level and reducing supply resources for wood industries is one of the most challenges for industrial managers. Considering the limitations of wood production resources, it is necessary to specify the wooden raw material resources by logical plans. In this study, for the first time, network analysis was used to prioritize wood supply alternatives in the Iranian wood industries.
Materials & Methods: In this study, we used Analytic Network Process (ANP) to Priority of Supplying Wood Material in Wood Factories. In the Mazandaran Wood and Paper factory, the wood materials are supplied through four methods: forest, ligniculture (wood farming), wood importation, and purchase wood from local markets. In order to conduct this research, the questionnaires were prepared and distributed among 23 specialist experts. After completing the questionnaires and organizing the model in the super decision software (version 1.6) (Analytic Network Process), the inputs and prioritization of the alternatives were done.
Findings: The most important resources for supplying wood raw materials in Mazandaran Wood and Paper Factory includes wood harvested from the forest, ligniculture, wood importation, and wood supplies from local markets. The results indicated that among the four alternatives for wood supplying, ligniculture (1.000), wood importation (0.885), forests (0.695), and supplying wood from local markets (0.419) were prioritized as the best alternatives, respectively.
Conclusion: Considering the new policies of forest organization, the best approach for wood supplying are ligniculture with fast-growing tree species and wood importation.
Full-Text [PDF 493 kb]   (118 Downloads)    
Article Type: Analytic Review | Subject: Ecosystem Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Received: 2018/08/6 | Accepted: 2020/11/22 | Published: 2021/04/29
* Corresponding Author Address: Faculty of Natural Resources and Marine Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Imam Khomeini Street, Imam Reza Blv, Noor, Mazandaran, Iran. Post Box: 46414-356

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