Volume 4, Issue 2 (2016)                   ECOPERSIA 2016, 4(2): 1395-1409 | Back to browse issues page

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Sheikh V B, Jafari Shalamzari M, Farajollahi A, Fazli P. Soil Erosion under Simulated Rainfall in Loess Lands with Emphasis on Land-Use, Slope and Aspect. ECOPERSIA. 4 (2) :1395-1409
URL: http://ecopersia.modares.ac.ir/article-24-11355-en.html
1- Associate Prof. Department of Watershed and Arid Land Management, Gorgan University of Agricultural Science and Natural Resources, Gorgan, Iran
2- Ph.D Candidate, Department of Watershed and Arid Land Management, Gorgan University of Agricultural Science and Natural Resources, Gorgan, Iran
3- M.Sc Graduate, Department of Watershed and Arid Land Management, Gorgan University of Agricultural Science and Natural Resources, Gorgan, Iran
Abstract:   (4255 Views)
The runoff generation and soil erosion in the Kechik Watershed, Golestan Province, was assessed, using a designed and constructed portable rainfall simulator. Treatments were applied on different land-uses, slopes and aspects as the most influential factors. Results showed that land-use significantly affected runoff generation (13.35 l, 6.9 l, and 4.12 l, respectively for agriculture, forest and rangeland uses), however slope (7.7 l for Class I; 9.23 l for Class II) and aspect (8.52 l for the northern aspects; 8.32 l for the southern aspects) did not have significant influence. All factors, significantly altered sediment concentration (Agriculture 9.6 g l-1, forest 8.24 g l-1, and rangeland 5.26 g l-1; slope class I 6.6 g l-1 and slope class II 8.7 g l-1; northern aspect 8.7 g l-1, and southern aspect 6.9 g l-1). Agricultural fields generated the highest runoff and sediment under simulated rainfalls. Rangeland and forest did not have significant runoff generation and sediment concentration. Results showed that land-use management, especially in terms of agriculture, could not only hamper current erosion, but reduced further advancement of this encroaching phenomenon.
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