Volume 3, Issue 3 (2015)                   ECOPERSIA 2015, 3(3): 1077-1088 | Back to browse issues page

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Asaadi A M, Heshmati G, Dadkhah A. Effects of Different Treatments to Stimulate Seed Germination of Salsola arbusculiformis Drob. ECOPERSIA. 3 (3) :1077-1088
URL: http://ecopersia.modares.ac.ir/article-24-9963-en.html
1- Former Ph.D. Student, Department of Rangeland Management, Faculty of Range and Watershed Management, Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Iran
2- Professor, Department of Rangeland Management, Faculty of Range and Watershed Management, Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Iran
3- Associate Professor, Faculty of Agriculture, Higher Education Complex of Shirvan - Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Iran
Abstract:   (4906 Views)
Germination is a critical stage in the life cycle of plants and often controls population dynamics, with major practical implications. Salsola arbusculiformis is one of the most important plants used to prevent soil erosion and a good fodder resource for sheep and goat in the rangelands of Iran. However, the species seems to have low seed germination, so the purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of different treatments to improve its seed germination. Three concentrations of gibberellic acid (100, 500 and 1000 ppm), mechanical scarification with sandpaper, concentrated sulphuric acid (H2SO4 (98%)), potassium nitrate (KNO3 (0.2%)), thiourea one Molar, four prechilling periods (10, 20, 30 and 150 days at 2 °C) were used as study treatments and distilled water as control. The results showed that there were significant differences (p<0.05) among and within the treatments in their effects on seed germination. The effective treatments to stimulate seed germination were prechilling for 150 and 30 days; sulphuric acid and sandpaper scarification. Prechilling for 150 and 30 days increased germination by 88.4% and 85.65%, respectively, while sulphuric acid and sandpaper scarification both increased germination by 76.1% compared to the control. The results also showed that gibberellic acid, potassium nitrate and thiourea did not promote seed germination. It was inferred that the most effective treatments among the methods used for breaking seed dormancy of Salsola arbusculiformis were prechilling for 150 days and mechanical scarification by hand with sandpaper.
Full-Text [PDF 664 kb]   (2488 Downloads)    
Subject: Rangeland Management
Received: 2015/06/20 | Accepted: 2015/09/1 | Published: 2015/09/28

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