Volume 7, Issue 1 (2019)                   IQBQ 2019, 7(1): 1-11 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Mirhasannia S, Akhoundian M, Taghavi H. Spatial and Temporal Distribution and Biomass Trend of Planktonic Green Microalgae (Chlorophyta) in Southeast of the Caspian Sea. IQBQ. 2019; 7 (1) :1-11
URL: http://journals.modares.ac.ir/article-24-21606-en.html
1- Marine biology Department, Marine Science Faculty, University of Mazandaran, Babolsar, Iran
2- Marine Science & Engineering Department, Research Center for the Caspian Sea Region (RCCSR), University of Mazandaran, Babolsar, Iran , m.akhoundian@umz.ac.ir
Abstract:   (200 Views)
Aims: Green algae (Chlorophyta), as a diverse group of algae, has almost omnipresent distribution in the Caspian Sea and plays an important role in ecosystem functioning. The aim of this study was to investigate the spatial and temporal distribution and biomass trend of planktonic green microalgae (Chlorophyta) in southeast of the Caspian Sea.
Materials & Methods: This experimental study was performed by sampling water from south of the Caspian Sea in Mazandaran province during the winter 2015 and summer 2016. Water sampling was done along two half-lines perpendicular to the estuaries of "Tajan" and "Babolrood" rivers in 8 stations and 4 depths (less than 1, 5, 10, and 20 m) in the euphotic zone, at 8 stations along the linear transects. Settlement method was applied to the preserved samples in formaldehyde 4%, in order to the qualitative and quantitative analysis of phytoplankton. The biomass of Chlorophyta was calculated, using the geometric shape method. The data were statistically analyzed, using PRIMER 6 and SPSS 19 software and the diagrams were drawn by Excel 2013.
Findings: Of total 29 identified Chlorophyta species, 28 species were present in the summer with the highest abundance of Chlorella sp. (1395×105±671×104 N/m3) and, 19 species were observed during the winter, with the highest abundance of Binuclearia sp. (456×105±155×104 N/m3). Binuclearia sp. also showed the highest biomass in both seasons.
Conclusion: The diversity of Chlorophyta is influenced by seasonal variations. Estuaries are the richest stations in terms of abundance and biomass of planktonic Chlorophyta in summer.
 
Full-Text [PDF 1518 kb]   (96 Downloads)    

Received: 2018/06/1 | Accepted: 2018/09/19 | Published: 2019/01/20
* Corresponding Author Address: Marine Science & Engineering Department, Research Center for the Caspian Sea Region (RCCSR), University of Mazandaran, Babolsar, Iran. Postal Code: 4741695447

References
1. Stolberg F, Borysova O, Mitrofanov I, Barannik V, Eghtesadi P. Global international waters assessment, GIWA regional assessments: Caspian Sea. 23rd Volume. Kalmar: University of Kalmar; 2006. [Link]
2. Soltani N, Ghaffari R. Biology and physiology of algae. Tehran: Academic Center for Education Culture & Research in Shahid Beheshti University; 2012. p. 234. [Persian] [Link]
3. Bellinger EG, Sigee DC. Freshwater algae: identification and use as bioindicators. 2nd ed. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons; 2011. [Link]
4. Gharibkhany M, Tatina M, Ramezanpoor Z, Chobian F. Studying the diversity, density and abundance of phytoplanktons of Esteel lagoon in Astara. J Fish. 2010;3(4):41-54. [Persian] [Link]
5. Singh J, Saxena RC. An Introduction to Microalgae. In: Se-Kwon Kim. Handbook of Marine Microalgae: Biotechnology Advances. Amsterdam: Elsevier; 2015. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/B978-0-12-800776-1.00002-9]
6. Rindi F. Diversity, distribution and ecology of green algae and cyanobacteria in urban habitats. In: Seckbach J, editor. Algae and cyanobacteria in extreme environments, cellular origin life in extreme habitats and astrobiology. 11th Volume. Dordrecht: Springer; 2007. pp. 619-38. [Link] [DOI:10.1007/978-1-4020-6112-7_34]
7. Wu N, Dong X, Liu Y, Wang C, Baattrup-Pedersen A, Riis T. Using river microalgae as indicators for freshwater biomonitoring: review of published research and future directions. Ecol Indic. 2017; 81:124-31. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.ecolind.2017.05.066]
8. Lemley DA, Adams JB, Bate GC. A review of microalgae as indicators in South African estuaries. South Africa J Botany. 2016;107:12-20. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.sajb.2016.04.008]
9. Park M, Park SY, Hwang J, Lee J, Jung SW, Chung Y, et al. Monitoring the seasonal dynamics of microalgae in the South Sea of Korea by use of a cytochrome c oxidase I DNA barcode. Aquat Ecosyst Health. 2018;21(1):10-18. [Link] [DOI:10.1080/14634988.2018.1432942]
10. Ganjian A, Wan Maznah WO, Yahya K, Fazli H, Vahedi M, Roohi A, et al. Seasonal and regional distribution of phytoplankton in the Southern part of the Caspian Sea. Iran J Fish Sci. 2010;9(3):382-401. [Link]
11. Pourgholam R, Tahami FS, Keihan Sani AR. Seasonal variability of phytoplankton in the waters of the Southern Caspian Sea during 2010-2011. J Anim Res. 2014;27(3):307-18. [Persian] [Link]
12. Mahmoudi N, Ahmadi MR, Babanezhad M, Seyfabadi J. Seasonal distribution of dominant phytoplankton in the Southern Caspian Sea (Mazandaran coast) and its relationship with environmental factors. J Mar Sci Technol. 2017;16(1):87-101. [Persian] [Link]
13. Bagheri S, Fallahi M. Checklist of phytoplankton taxa in the Iranian waters of the Caspian Sea. Casp J Environ Sci. 2014;12(1):81-97. [Link]
14. Nasrollahzadeh Saravi H, Makhlough A, Rahmati R, Tahami FS, Keihan Sani AR, Golaghaei M. Study on stable and disturbance status of the Caspian Sea ecosystem (Iranian coasts) based on changes of phytoplankton community structure. J Mar Biol. 2015;7(26):27-44. [Persian] [Link]
15. Gehr RL, Droste RL. Theory and practice of water and wastewater treatment. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons; 1999. [Link]
16. Bagheri S, Mansor M, Makaremi M, Mirzajani AR, Babaei H, Negarestan H, et al. Distribution and composition of phytoplankton in the Southwestern Caspian Sea during 2001-2002, a comparison with previous surveys. World J Fish Mar Sci. 2010;2(5):416-26. [Link]
17. Guildford SJ, Hecky RE. Total nitrogen, total phosphorus, and nutrient limitation in lakes and oceans: is there a common relationship?. Limn Oceanogr. 2000;45(6):1213-23. [Link] [DOI:10.4319/lo.2000.45.6.1213]
18. Keylock CJ. Simpson diversity and the Shannon–Wiener index as special cases of a generalized entropy. Oikos. 2005;109(1):203-7. [Link] [DOI:10.1111/j.0030-1299.2005.13735.x]
19. Pielou EC. The measurement of diversity in different types of biological collections. J Theor Biol. 1966;13:131-44. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/0022-5193(66)90013-0]
20. Gamito S. Caution is needed when applying Margalef diversity index. Ecol Indic. 2010;10(2):550-1. [] [DOI:10.1016/j.ecolind.2009.07.006]
21. Rudek J, Paerl HW, Mallin MA, Bates PW. Seasonal and hydrological control of phytoplankton nutrient limitation in the lower Neuse River Estuary, North Carolina. Mar Ecol Prog Ser. 1991;75(2-3):133-42. [Link] [DOI:10.3354/meps075133]
22. Eyre BD. Regional evaluation of nutrient transformation and phytoplankton growth in nine river-dominated sub-tropical East Australian estuaries. Mar Ecol Prog Ser. 2000;205:61-83. [Link] [DOI:10.3354/meps205061]
23. Naz M, Türkmen M. Phytoplankton biomass and species composition of lake Gölbaşı (Hatay-Turkey). Turkish J Biol. 2005;29:49-56. []
24. Onyema IC. A checklist of phytoplankton species of the Iyagbe lagoon, Lagos. J Fish Aquat Sci. 2008;3(3):167-75. [Link] [DOI:10.3923/jfas.2008.167.175]
25. Hillebrand H, Sommer U. Diversity of benthic microalgae in response to colonization time and eutrophication. Aquat Bot. 2000;67(3):221-36. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/S0304-3770(00)00088-7]
26. King L, Barker P, Jones RI. Epilithic algal communities and their relationship to environmental variables in lakes of the English lake district. Freshw Biol. 2000;45(4):425-42. [Link] [DOI:10.1046/j.1365-2427.2000.00633.x]
27. Percopo I, Siano R, Cerino F, Sarno D, Zingone A. Phytoplankton diversity during the spring bloom in the Northwestern Mediterranean Sea. Botanica Marina. 2011;54(3):243-67. [Link] [DOI:10.1515/bot.2011.033]
28. Tiwari A, Chauhan SV. Seasonal phytoplanktonic diversity of Kitham lake, Agra. J Environ Biol. 2006;27(1):35-8. [Link]
29. Ghosh S, Barinova S, Keshri JP. Diversity and seasonal variation of phytoplankton community in the Santragachi lake, West Bengal, India. Qsci Connect. 2012 Mar:3. [Link]
30. Gómez F, Boicenco L. An annotated checklist of dinoflagellates in the Black Sea. Hydrobiologia. 2004;517(1-3):43-59. [Link] [DOI:10.1023/B:HYDR.0000027336.05452.07]
31. Nasrollahzadeh Saravi H, Makhlough A, Rowshan Tabari M, Eslami F. Temporal and spatial variation of phytoplankton/zooplankton mass ratio in Southern Caspian Sea, Iranian coasts. J Mar Sci Technol Res. 2012;7(2):55-65. [Persian] [Link]
32. Tahami FS, Pourgholam R. Study on Bacillariophyta phylum of phytoplankton diversity in the Southern Caspian Sea (during 2010-2011). J Fish. 2014;8(2):29-38. [Persian] [Link]
33. Esmail Sari A. Bacteria, algae, fungi and freshwater invertebrates. Tehran: Iranian Fisheries Science Research Institute; 2000. [Persian] [Link]
34. Bagheri S, Mansor M, Makaremi M, Sabkara J, Wan Maznah WO, Mirzajani AR, et al. Fluctuations of phytoplankton community in the coastal waters of Caspian Sea in 2006. Am J Appl Sci. 2011;8(12):1328-36. [Link] [DOI:10.3844/ajassp.2011.1328.1336]
35. Bagheri S, Mansor M, Turkoglu M, Makaremi M, Omar WMW, Negarestan H. Phytoplankton species composition and abundance in the Southwestern Caspian Sea. Ekoloji. 2012;21(83):32-43. [Link] [DOI:10.5053/ekoloji.2012.834]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA code

Send email to the article author