Volume 7, Issue 2 (2019)                   IQBQ 2019, 7(2): 125-132 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Yousefi H, Mohammadi A, Noorollahi Y. Prioritization in Exporting Agricultural Products Using Virtual Water Concept (Case study: Melon and Watermelon). IQBQ. 2019; 7 (2) :125-132
URL: http://journals.modares.ac.ir/article-24-16733-en.html
1- Department of Renewable Energies & Environment, Faculty of New Sciences & Technologies, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran , Hosseinyousefi@ut.ac.ir
2- Department of Renewable Energies & Environment, Faculty of New Sciences & Technologies, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (159 Views)
Aims: In the new sight of the world, water is considered a good. Hence, commodity exchanges are important matters among nations. In this regard, local and international trade of virtual water as agricultural crops is an important subject in water resources management.
Instruments and Methods: In this study, the virtual water of two main exported products (watermelon and melon) in Iran during 2003-2013. Some indicators, which are used in the water resources management, such as water use intensity and water dependency, were analyzed.
Findings: By present assessment, during this period, 218.07 MCM of water in the form of virtual water was transferred from the country to outside. By efficiency calculation, it was obtained that irrigated watermelon production had the highest efficiency.
Conclusion: The results showed that producing these products in Iran was completely hinged on the internal water resources. Additionally, in watermelon is evaluated 12 times more than melon and these results warn us to have a more precise plan for the allocation of the lands for different kind of agricultural activities.
Full-Text [PDF 614 kb]   (48 Downloads)    

Received: 2016/12/16 | Accepted: 2019/02/13
* Corresponding Author Address: Faculty of New Sciences & Technologies, North Karghar Street, Tehran, Iran. Postal Code: 1439957131

References
1. Bouwer H. Integrated water management for the 21st century: Problems and solutions. Food Agric Environ. 2003;1(1):118-27. [Link]
2. Allan T. Fortunately there are substitutes for water: Otherwise our hydropolitical futures would be impossible. Proceedings of the Conference on Priorities for Water Resources Allocation and Management. London: Overseas Development Administration; 1993. p. 13-26. [Link]
3. Hoekstra AY, Hung PQ. Globalization of water resources: International virtual water flows in relation to crop trade. Glob Environ Chang. 2005;15(1):45-56. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2004.06.004]
4. Tamea S, Laio F, Ridolfi L. Global effects of local food-production crises: A virtual water perspective. Sci Rep. 2016;6:18803. [Link] [DOI:10.1038/srep18803]
5. Aldaya MM, Allan JA, Hoekstra AY. Strategic importance of green water in international crop trade. Ecol Econ. 2010;69(4):887-94. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2009.11.001]
6. Chapagain AK, Hoekstra AY, Savenije HHG. Water saving through international trade of agricultural products. Hydrol Earth Syst Sci. 2006;10(3):455-68. [Link] [DOI:10.5194/hess-10-455-2006]
7. Yang H, Wang L, Abbaspour KC, Zehnder AJB. Virtual water trade: An assessment of water use efficiency in the international food trade. Hydrol Earth Syst Sci. 2006;10(3):443-54. [Link] [DOI:10.5194/hess-10-443-2006]
8. Novo P, Garrido A, Varela-Ortega C. Are virtual water 'flows' in Spanish grain trade consistent with relative water scarcity?. Ecol Econ. 2009;68(5):1454-64. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2008.10.013]
9. Mohammadi Kanigolzar F, Daneshvar Ameri J, Motee N. Virtual water trade as a strategy to water resource management in Iran. J Water Resour Prot. 2014;6(2):141-8. [Link] [DOI:10.4236/jwarp.2014.62019]
10. Cordell D, Drangert JO, White S. The story of phosphorus: global food security and food for thought. Glob environ chang. 2009;19(2):292-305. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2008.10.009]
11. Hoekstra AY, Hung PQ. Globalisation of water resources: International virtual water flows in relation to crop trade. Glob Environ Change. 2005;15(1):45-56. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2004.06.004]
12. Chapagain AK, Hoekstra AY. The global component of freshwater demand and supply: An assessment of virtual water flows between nations as a result of trade in agricultural and industrial products. Water Int. 2008;33(1):19-32. [Link] [DOI:10.1080/02508060801927812]
13. Fader M, Gerten D, Thammer M, Heinke J, Lotze-Campen H, Lucht W, et al. Internal and external green-blue agricultural water footprints of nations, and related water and land savings through trade. Hydrol Earth Syst Sci. 2011;15(5):1641-60. [Link] [DOI:10.5194/hess-15-1641-2011]
14. Konar M, Hussein Z, Hanasaki N, Mauzerall DL, Rodriguez-Iturbe I. Virtual water trade flows and savings under climate change. Hydrol Earth Syst Sci. 2013;17(8):3219-34. [Link] [DOI:10.5194/hess-17-3219-2013]
15. Lee SH, Yoo SH, Choi JY, Shin A. Evaluation of the dependency and intensity of the virtual water trade in Korea. Irrig Drain. 2016;65(S1):48-56. [Link] [DOI:10.1002/ird.1957]
16. Yoo SH, Kim T, Im JB, Choi JY. Estimation of the international virtual water flow of grain crop products in Korea. Paddy Water Environ. 2012;10(2):83-93. [Link] [DOI:10.1007/s10333-011-0267-1]
17. Zhi Y, Hamilton PB, Zhi C. Analysis of virtual water consumption in China: Using factor decomposition analysis based on a weighted average decomposition model. Water Environ J. 2015;29(1):61-70. [Link] [DOI:10.1111/wej.12069]
18. Dehmardeh Ghaleno MR, Sheikh V, Sadoddin A, Sabouhi Sabouni M. Optimal cropping pattern for water resources management in Sistan region of Iran using goal programming method. Ecopersia. 2016;4(4):1555-67. [Link] [DOI:10.18869/modares.ecopersia.4.4.1555]
19. Mekonnen MM, Hoekstra AY. The green, blue and grey water footprint of crops and derived crop products. Hydrol Earth Syst Sci. 2011;15(5): 1577-600. [Link] [DOI:10.5194/hess-15-1577-2011]
20. Feizi V, Mollashahi M, Frajzadeh M, Azizi Gh. Spatial and temporal trend analysis of temperature and precipitation in Iran. Ecopersia. 2014;2(4):727-42. [Link]
21. Ahmadi K, Hosseinpor R, Ebadzade HR, Gholizade Ha, Hatami F, Mohamadnia Afrozi Sh et al. Assessing the stats crops harvested areas and production for 36 years (1978 until 2013). Tehran: Ministry of Agriculture Jihad; 2015. [Link]
22. Safi R, Mir Loutfi SM. Evaluation of sugarcane cultivation in the Khuzestan province in the context of virtual water. Water Resour Eng. 2015;8(25):87-96. [Persian] [Link]
23. Kiani AR. Water efficiency determination guidelines in farms. Karaj: Agricultural Education Publication; 2015. p. 16. [Persian] [Link]
24. Yousefi H, Mohammadi A, Mirzaaghabeik M, Noorollahi Y. Virtual water evaluation for grains products in Iran Case study: pea and bean. J water land dev. 2017;35(1):275-80. [Link] [DOI:10.1515/jwld-2017-0094]
25. Statistics of the Islamic Republic of Iran Customs Administration (IRICA). [Internet]. [cited 2016 Mar 22]. Available from: http://www.irica.gov.ir/web_directory/55335 [Link]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA code

Send email to the article author